The Boston Citgo sign, all 3,600 square LED feet of which has served as the backdrop to Red Sox games since 1965, is now officially a "pending landmark."

Spanish Surrealist Salvador Dalí spent much of the 1940s in the U.S., avoiding World War II and its aftermath. He was a well-known fixture on the art scene in Monterey, Calif. — and that's where the largest collection of Dalí's work on the West Coast is now open to the public.

Copyright 2016 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.

The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

The trip over the Mediterranean included a breathtaking flyover of the Pyramids. Check it out:

President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

"I've seen how inadequate words can be in bringing about lasting change," the president said Tuesday at a memorial service for five law officers killed last week in Dallas. "I've seen how inadequate my own words have been."

Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

At least that's one premise of the Allen Brain Observatory, which launched Wednesday and lets anyone with an Internet connection study a mouse brain as it responds to visual information.

The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

"Following one of the longest and most exhaustive investigations in our history," the FBI's Ayn Dietrich-Williams said in a statement, "the FBI redirected resources allocated to the D.B. Cooper case in order to focus on other investigative priorities."

This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.


Tackle 'Yards' To Make A Touchdown

Feb 3, 2013
Originally published on February 3, 2013 7:24 am

On-air challenge: In recognition of the Super Bowl, the key word is "yards." You will be given some categories. For each one, name something in the category beginning with each of the letters Y, A, R, D and S. For example, if the category were "Girls' Names," you might say Yvonne, Alice, Rachel, Donna and Sally.

Last week's challenge from listener Jed Martinez of Margate, Fla.: Name a personal mode of transportation. Remove its first and sixth letters. What remains — in sequence, without rearranging any letters — will spell the names of two parts of the human body. What are they?

Answer: Wheelchair; heel, hair

Winner: Nataliya Chernis of Los Angeles

Next week's challenge from listeners Mike Morton of Lyme, N.H., and Barry Hayes of Palo Alto, Calif.: Name a famous author, first and last names. Change an X in this name to a B, and rearrange all the letters. The result is how this author might address a memo to the author's most famous character. Who is it?

Submit Your Answer

If you know the answer to next week's challenge, submit it here. Listeners who submit correct answers win a chance to play the on-air puzzle. Important: Include a phone number where we can reach you Thursday at 3 p.m. Eastern.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit



This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. Do a couple of jumping jacks and maybe a sit-up for good measure because it is time for the puzzle.


MARTIN: Joining me now is WEEKEND EDITION's puzzle-master Will Shortz. Good morning, Will.

WILL SHORTZ, BYLINE: Good morning, Rachel.

MARTIN: And so what's happening in your world these days, Will? I understand you've got a big puzzle event coming up.

SHORTZ: Yeah. It's the 36th Annual American Crossword Puzzle Tournament. And it takes place in Brooklyn March 8-10. It's the world's oldest and largest crossword event. I've run it every year since 1978. There's about 700 contestants. And if anyone's interested in coming, you can get information at

MARTIN: That's a lot of puzzle brainpower in one room. OK. Will, refresh our memories: what was last week's challenge?

SHORTZ: Yes. It came from listener and one-time puzzle player on the air, Jed Martinez of Margate, Florida. And the challenge was to name a personal mode of transportation. Remove its first and sixth letters and what remains in sequence without rearranging any letters will spell the names of two parts of the human body. What are they? Well, the mode of transportation was a wheelchair. And if you remove the W and C, you're left with heel and hair.

MARTIN: OK. We did get a lot of submissions with one not-quite correct response. Will, can you explain?

SHORTZ: Well, it was a clever answer actually - another clever answer. The answer sent in was hearse. If you remove the first and sixth letters, you're left with ears, which are two parts of the body. But my wording of the puzzle, I asked for names - plural.

MARTIN: OK. Close by no cigar. But more than 900 listeners sent in correct answers, and our randomly selected winner this week is Nataliya Chernis of Los Angeles, California. She joins us on the phone. Congratulations, Nataliya.


MARTIN: So, I understand that this was a bit of a team effort.

CHERNIS: Yes. My husband and I were working on it together.

MARTIN: What do you do for a living, Nataliya?

CHERNIS: I'm actually a dentist but I'm currently on maternity leave taking care of my son. He's two months.

MARTIN: Two months old. So, you're probably kind of tired right now, right?

CHERNIS: Yes, very tired.

MARTIN: Well, we will not hold that against you, and we will see how well you do on the puzzle. Are y'all ready?

CHERNIS: I'm ready.

MARTIN: OK, Will. Let's play.

SHORTZ: All right, Nataliya and Rachel. Today, I brought a game of categories. And in recognition of the Super Bowl later today, the key word is YARDS. I'm going to give you some categories. For each one, name something in the category beginning with each of the letters Y-A-R-D-S. For example, if the category were girl's names, you might say Yvonne, Alice, Rachel, Donna and Sally.

MARTIN: OK. I think I've got it. Do you have it, Nataliya?


MARTIN: All right. Let's do it, Will.

SHORTZ: All right. Category number one is countries, and you can do these in any order.

CHERNIS: Yemen...

SHORTZ: Yemen, good.

CHERNIS: Argentina.


CHERNIS: Russia.


CHERNIS: Denmark.


CHERNIS: And Sweden.

MARTIN: And Sweden.

SHORTZ: Sweden. Good job. Boom, boom, boom. OK. Next category is street and highways signs.



SHORTZ: Yield is good.

MARTIN: Stop, right?


SHORTZ: Stop is the perfect S, yes. A-R and D.

CHERNIS: Detour.

MARTIN: Ooh, good.

SHORTZ: Detour - excellent.

MARTIN: Good one.

SHORTZ: A and R.

MARTIN: Have a weird one for A but I don't know if that would work.

SHORTZ: Go ahead.

MARTIN: What about avalanche warning?


SHORTZ: Avalanche warning - I'm not sure I've ever seen that sign.

MARTIN: I've seen that sign.

SHORTZ: You know, I'm going to give you avalanche warning. I was thinking of alternate route.

MARTIN: All right. Need an R.

SHORTZ: OK. You need an R.

CHERNIS: Road construction, road closed?

SHORTZ: Yes. Road construction ahead, rough road, road work ahead, railroad crossing, right turn only - any of those work. OK. And your last category: fill in the blank. Blank book.

CHERNIS: Yellow book.

SHORTZ: Yellow book is good. Yearbook. OK.

CHERNIS: Art book.

SHORTZ: Art book, OK. Address book also works. R-D and S. And R is something a referee would have to follow.


CHERNIS: Rule book?


SHORTZ: A rule book is good. A D is something you might make notes in.

CHERNIS: Date book.

SHORTZ: A date book or a day book work.

MARTIN: Oh, a date book, OK.

SHORTZ: And all you need is an S. Something you might collect notes in about your son.

CHERNIS: A scrapbook?

MARTIN: Yeah, scrapbook.

SHORTZ: Yeah, that would be a scrapbook.


MARTIN: Oh, that's good. Very well done, Nataliya. That was great.

CHERNIS: Thank you.

MARTIN: And for playing our puzzle today, you'll get a WEEKEND EDITION lapel pin and, of course, you get puzzle books and games. You can read all about it at

And before we let you go, Nataliya, what Public Radio station do you listen to?


MARTIN: That is in Santa Monica, California. Nataliya Chernis, of Los Angeles, California, Nataliya, thanks so much for playing the puzzle.

CHERNIS: Thank you so much.

MARTIN: OK. Will, what's the challenge for next week?

SHORTZ: Yes, it comes from listeners Mike Morton of Lyme, New Hampshire, and Barry Hayes of Palo Alto, California - but who right now is working in Antarctica.

And the puzzle is: Name a famous author, first and last names. Change an X in this name to a B, as in boy, and rearrange all the letters. The result is how this author might address a memo to the author's most famous character. Who is it?

So again: Famous author - first and last names. Change an X to a B, rearrange the result and you'll get how this author might address a memo to the author's most famous character. Who is it?

MARTIN: OK, when you have the answer, go to our website, and click on the Submit Your Answer link - just one entry per person, please. And our deadline for entries is Thursday, February 7th at 3 P.M. Eastern. Please include a phone number where we can reach you at about that time.

And if you're the winner, we'll give you a call, and you will get to play on the air with the puzzle editor of The New York Times and WEEKEND EDITION's puzzle-master, Will Shortz.

Thanks so much, Will.

SHORTZ: Thanks, Rachel.

(SOUNDBITE OF THEME MUSIC) Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.