"O Canada," the national anthem of our neighbors up north, comes in two official versions — English and French. They share a melody, but differ in meaning.

Let the record show: neither version of those lyrics contains the phrase "all lives matter."

But at the 2016 All-Star Game, the song got an unexpected edit.

At Petco Park in San Diego, one member of the Canadian singing group The Tenors — by himself, according to the other members of the group — revised the anthem.

School's out, and a lot of parents are getting through the long summer days with extra helpings of digital devices.

How should we feel about that?

Police in Baton Rouge say they have arrested three people who stole guns with the goal of killing police officers. They are still looking for a fourth suspect in the alleged plot, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

"Police say the thefts were at a Baton Rouge pawn shop early Saturday morning," Greg says. "One person was arrested at the scene. Since then, two others have been arrested and six of the eight stolen handguns have been recovered. Police are still looking for one other man."

A 13-year-old boy is among those arrested, Greg says.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

Donald Trump is firing back at Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg after she disparaged him in several media interviews. He tweeted late Tuesday that she "has embarrassed all" with her "very dumb political statements" about the candidate. Trump ended his tweet with "Her mind is shot - resign!":

Donald Trump wrapped up his public tryout of potential vice presidential candidates in Indiana Tuesday night with Gov. Mike Pence giving the final audition.

The Indiana governor's stock as Trump's possible running mate is believed to be on the rise, with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich also atop the list. Sources tell NPR the presumptive GOP presidential nominee is close to making a decision, which he's widely expected to announce by Friday.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

The unassuming hero of Jonas Karlsson's clever, Kafkaesque parable is the opposite of a malcontent. Despite scant education, a limited social life, and no prospects for success as it is usually defined, he's that rarity, a most happy fella with an amazing ability to content himself with very little. But one day, returning to his barebones flat from his dead-end, part-time job at a video store, he finds an astronomical bill from an entity called W.R.D. He assumes it's a scam. Actually, it is more sinister-- and it forces him to take a good hard look at his life and values.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.


Summer Science: How To Build A Campfire

Jun 4, 2012
Originally published on June 4, 2012 11:10 am

Summer living is supposed to be easy — school is out, the days are long, the traffic eases. But it's not all inner tubes and lemonade: Summer can throw us some curveballs, too. How can I avoid sunburn? What can I do to stave off that brain freeze? Why do my s'mores always burn?

Fear not; NPR is here to help. As part of our new Summer Science series, we'll turn to science to tackle these vexing questions, starting with how to build the perfect campfire.

Science correspondent Joe Palca ventured into the woods with fire protection engineer Daniel Madrzykowski to find out why it can be so hard to start a fire, and learn the three essential ingredients for success.

Have a listen to their adventure by clicking the audio link above. And before you head out to cook the hot dogs, print out our handy fire-building guide. First step: Crumple the guide and light it.

Printable Guide: How To Build A Campfire

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.



From time to time this summer we'll be taking a few minutes to talk about the science behind summer activities in a series we're calling Summer Science. And we've enlisted the help of NPR's science correspondent Joe Palca. Today we'll hear about Joe's trip to a picnic area with a fire pit. There, with the help of Dan Madrzykowski from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Joe explored the science of building a campfire.

JOE PALCA, BYLINE: So, what do you need? I mean, we have some stuff here. But what are the basics? Tell us what we need to make a good fire.

DAN MADRZYKOWSKI: Well, to make any kind of fire of all, you have to refer to the fire triangle. There are three legs to a triangle. You need fuel, you need some source of heat, and you need oxygen. And where do you get that? Well, we have oxygen in the air around us. For fuel we've got all kinds of dry wood lying around here. And then that source of heat would be matches or a lighter to get it started.

PALCA: Now, to start, you want to get some light stuff that's easy to burn. That's the tinder. Something like dried pine needles or leaves.

MADRZYKOWSKI: And then you want to get some thinner twigs. What we're looking at here from an engineering perspective is a good surface-to-mass ratio.

PALCA: OK. Surface-to-mass ratio - complicated term. But all it basically means is material with a good surface-to-mass ratio for starting a fire is something that's got a lot of surface but not a lot of weight, like a piece of paper. Logs, on the other hand, have a lot of weight compared to their surface - they're bad for starting a fire. Logs, bad. A piece of paper or dry leaves?

MADRZYKOWSKI: That's perfect for igniting.

PALCA: So you've got a handful of leaves there. Is that a right amount or, I mean, can you start with less than that, more than that?

MADRZYKOWSKI: Oh, a handful or two should give us a good start if we can find some good dry kindling wood.

PALCA: OK. Well, let's put those onto the grate and then we'll go look for kindling.


PALCA: I found one. Woo-hoo.

MADRZYKOWSKI: We've got a couple of handfuls of material. And now we could head back to our fire pit.

PALCA: So we've got a pretty good collection of twigs and small sticks here and we're sort of making, like, a nest almost.

MADRZYKOWSKI: You don't want to build it too tight. You want to make sure it can get plenty of air and oxygen in there to mix.

PALCA: Remember that triangle. We've got fuel, we've got plenty of oxygen, now all we need is our heat source.

MADRZYKOWSKI: Who's got the matches?


MADRZYKOWSKI: Very good, very good.


PALCA: In a few minutes, we've got a blazing fire. So science helped us get the fire going, but it can also help us put it out.

MADRZYKOWSKI: The nice thing about thinking about fire as a triangle, if you break any leg of that fire triangle, you can put the fire out. You can stop the combustion. So if we take the oxygen away by covering this fire with sand, we could suppress the fire. If we take the heat away by applying water to it, we break that leg of the fire triangle and we can suppress the fire. Or if we just let it run out of fuel or take the fuel away from it, we break that leg of the fire triangle.

PALCA: Fire off and we're done.


UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Only you can prevent wild fires.

PALCA: Joe Palca, NPR News.


MONTAGNE: And at NPR.org you'll find step-by-step instructions for building your own fire. Print them out and burn after reading.


MONTAGNE: This is NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.