The Boston Citgo sign, all 3,600 square LED feet of which has served as the backdrop to Red Sox games since 1965, is now officially a "pending landmark."

Spanish Surrealist Salvador Dalí spent much of the 1940s in the U.S., avoiding World War II and its aftermath. He was a well-known fixture on the art scene in Monterey, Calif. — and that's where the largest collection of Dalí's work on the West Coast is now open to the public.

Copyright 2016 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.

The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

The trip over the Mediterranean included a breathtaking flyover of the Pyramids. Check it out:

President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

"I've seen how inadequate words can be in bringing about lasting change," the president said Tuesday at a memorial service for five law officers killed last week in Dallas. "I've seen how inadequate my own words have been."

Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

At least that's one premise of the Allen Brain Observatory, which launched Wednesday and lets anyone with an Internet connection study a mouse brain as it responds to visual information.

The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

"Following one of the longest and most exhaustive investigations in our history," the FBI's Ayn Dietrich-Williams said in a statement, "the FBI redirected resources allocated to the D.B. Cooper case in order to focus on other investigative priorities."

This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.

Pages

Searching For Ibrahim

Feb 17, 2013
Originally published on February 17, 2013 6:23 am

Over the years, al-Qaida has recruited young men in the Arab world, Africa and Central Asia, including Afghanistan. The group has also had some success in luring followers from Turkey.

Last month, Fahrettin Gumus, a retired security guard from Turkey's northwestern province of Bursa, went to Afghanistan in search of his son, who he had last heard from three years earlier.

The small-framed 57-year old says he often worried about his son Ibrahim, but he never through he'd go through with his plan to join al-Qaida.

"My son is very emotional," Gumus says. "We tried to stop him from getting involved in al-Qaida. He promised us not to commit."

Gumus says that there were several factors that influenced Ibrahim, who was 16 at the time he ran away. The first was his older brother.

"My other son, Veral, came to Afghanistan twice in 2007 and 2008, and I am pretty sure he was involved in al-Qaida," Gumus says. He noted that Veral has now returned to Turkey.

Ibrahim was also swayed by his friends, some of whom were sympathetic to al-Qaida. The third factor was the community in general. Gumus says that Bursa province is a very religious place and there are what he describes as "hubs of radicalism" there. Turkish authorities have arrested a number of al-Qaida suspects in Bursa in recent years.

A Note, A Call And Nothing More

In late 2009, Ibrahim was working in an Internet cafe. One night, he didn't come home.

"He left a note saying he was going off with his friends, and everything is OK," Gumus says. "We found out that he went to Istanbul, and then traveled to Afghanistan."

Four months later, Ibrahim called home. He said he was in Afghanistan's southern province of Helmand, and everything was fine. He said he'd be home soon.

That was the last the family heard from him.

"Both the anti-terrorism department and the police investigated. I waited for months, and they didn't provide any information," Gumus recalls. "Finally, I tried the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and they couldn't help either."

A Father's Mission

So nearly three years after the last contact from his son, Gumus flew to Afghanistan. He started by going to the Turkish Embassy, where he was told that there was no sign of Ibrahim in Afghanistan.

But the determined father — with no leads or contacts — persevered, and took a bus to the southern city of Kandahar, the birthplace of the Taliban and once a major base for al-Qaida.

"I didn't care that people told me it was dangerous. I'm not afraid of anything. I'm looking for my son," Gumus says.

But, he says, he found nothing there either. People told him that it's possible that Ibrahim had been moved to Pakistan or another country where al-Qaida operates.

He says he never spoke to anyone from al-Qaida. Even though he doesn't know what his next move is, Gumus says he will pursue this until the end – even if it costs his life. He says he has to honor a promise he made to his daughter. He begins to cry when talking about her.

"She feels very sad. She's very sensitive because she's pregnant. She's the biggest reason I left home to find my son," he says. "I promised her I will find her brother and bring him home."

Gumus, who recently returned to Turkey, still clings to the belief that Ibrahim is alive, somewhere. The father says he just wants to send his son a message: "You have made a mistake, but you can return home and make your family happy."

NPR's Sultan Faizy contributed to this report.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Over the years, al-Qaida has recruited young men from across the Arab world, Africa and Central Asia, including Afghanistan. The militant group has also has also attracted followers in Turkey. Last month, a Turkish man traveled to Afghanistan to search for his son who left home three years ago to join al-Qaida.

NPR's Sean Carberry brings us the story.

SEAN CARBERRY, BYLINE: Fahrettin Gumus is a retired security guard from Turkey's northwestern province of Bursa. The small-framed 57-year-old says he often worried about his son, Ibrahim, but he never through he'd go through with his plan to join al-Qaida.

FAHRETTIN GUMUS: (Through Translator) My son is very emotional. We tried to stop him from getting involved in al-Qaida. He promised us not to commit.

CARBERRY: Gumus says that there were several factors that influenced Ibrahim, who was 16 at the time he ran away. First, his older brother.

GUMUS: (Through Translator) My other son, Veral, came to Afghanistan twice, in 2007 and 2008. And I am pretty sure he was involved in al-Qaida.

CARBERRY: Ibrahim was also swayed by his friends, some of whom were sympathetic to al-Qaida. The third factor was the community in general. Gumus says that Bursa Province is a very religious place and there are what he describes as hubs of radicalism there. Turkish authorities have arrested a number of al-Qaida suspects in Bursa in recent years.

In late 2009, Ibrahim was working in an Internet cafe. One night, he didn't come home.

GUMUS: (Through Translator) He left a note saying he was going off with his friends and everything is OK. We found out that he went to Istanbul and then traveled to Afghanistan.

CARBERRY: Four months later, Ibrahim called home. He said he was in Afghanistan's Helmand Province and everything was fine. He said he'd be home soon. That was the last the family heard from him.

GUMUS: (Through Translator) Both the anti-terrorism department and the police investigated. I waited for months and they didn't provide any information. Finally, I tried the ministry of Foreign Affairs and they couldn't help either.

CARBERRY: So nearly three years after the last contact from his son, Gumus flew to Afghanistan. He started by going to the Turkish embassy, where he was told that there was no sign of Ibrahim in Afghanistan. So, Gumus took a bus to Kandahar, the birthplace of the Taliban and once a major base for al-Qaida.

GUMUS: (Through Translator) I didn't care that people told me it was dangerous. I'm not afraid of anything. I'm looking for my son.

CARBERRY: But he says that he found nothing there either. People told him that it's possible that Ibrahim had been moved to Pakistan or another country where al-Qaida operates. Even though he doesn't know what his next move is, he says he will pursue this until the end - even if it costs his life. He says that he has to honor a promise he made to his daughter. He begins to cry when talking about her.

GUMUS: (Through Translator) She feels very sad. She's very sensitive because she's pregnant. She is the biggest reason I left home to find my son. I promise her I will find her brother and bring him home.

CARBERRY: Gumus still clings to the belief that Ibrahim is alive, somewhere. I just want to send him a message, he says. You have made a mistake but you can return home and make your family happy.

Sean Carberry, NPR News, Kabul.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.