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The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

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This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.


Obama's Campaign-Turned-Advocacy Group Raises Questions About Money

Jan 18, 2013
Originally published on March 18, 2013 3:11 pm



From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.


And I'm Audie Cornish. President Obama likes to point out he'll never run for office again. And today his campaign announced that it's essentially morphing into a new advocacy group called Organizing for Action. It will lease the campaign's donor files, with more than four million names as well as its other data-mined information on voters. As NPR's Peter Overby reports, the new effort raises serious questions about the way tax exempt groups now work in American politics.

PETER OVERBY, BYLINE: In a video released this morning, First Lady Michelle Obama laid out the mission of the new organization.


MICHELLE OBAMA: If we want to finish what we started and truly make that change we believe in, we can't stop now. And that's why today, I'm proud that our friends and supporters are launching Organizing for Action, the next phase of our movement for change.

OVERBY: Leading Organizing for Action is the campaign's brain trust: campaign manager Jim Messina, chief fundraiser Julianna Smoot and consultant David Axelrod, among others. It's set up as a 501c4 social welfare organization. The tax law says 501c4s cannot have electoral politics as their primary purpose. But besides its grassroots work, it appears that the new OFA would be well positioned to run so-called issue ads in the midterm elections. Those ads generally don't count as expressly political, as conservative 501c4s proved last year, to the distress of the Obama campaign. A forthcoming analysis by the Wesleyan Media Project says that one of those social welfare groups, Crossroads GPS, was the fourth-largest TV advertiser of the election season. Groups that are seeking tighter campaign finance laws want the IRS to investigate Crossroads GPS. This morning on Fox News, strategist Karl Rove, a cofounder of Crossroads GPS, said Organizing for Action may face scrutiny but for its issue advocacy work.

KARL ROVE: This is fraught will all kinds of ethical perils.

OVERBY: But Robert Kelner, one of Washington's top campaign finance lawyers, says he's hard pressed to see those perils.

ROBERT KELNER: None of these issues are issues that smart lawyers can't find a way to resolve.

OVERBY: OFA officials say they're giving up one of the advantages of 501c4 status. They say they will voluntary disclose their donors, something few other 501c4s do. And unlike the Obama campaign, the new OFA can raise unlimited money, including cash from corporations, unions and the wealthy. It's that unregulated fundraising that makes 501c4s so desirable. Kelner says the creation of Organizing for Action may be another sign that the Republican and Democratic national committees are being eclipsed by social welfare groups.

KELNER: The RNC and the DNC just can't keep up, just can't compete in relative terms with these extremely well-funded, unregulated outside groups.

OVERBY: That would shift power away from the nationally organized party committees toward small groups of consultants organized around individual politicians. Peter Overby, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.