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The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

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President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

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Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

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The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

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This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.

Alabama authorities say a home burglary suspect has died after police used a stun gun on the man.  Birmingham police say he resisted officers who found him in a house wrapped in what looked like material from the air conditioner duct work.  The Lewisburg Road homeowner called police Tuesday about glass breaking and someone yelling and growling in his basement.  Police reportedly entered the dwelling and used a stun gun several times on a white suspect before handcuffing him.  Investigators say the man was "extremely irritated" throughout and didn't obey verbal commands.

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Montgomery Education Foundation's Brain Forest Summer Learning Academy was spotlighted Wednesday at Carver High School.  The academic-enrichment program is for rising 4th, 5th, and 6th graders in the Montgomery Public School system.  Community Program Director Dillion Nettles, says the program aims to prevent learning loss during summer months.  To find out how your child can participate in next summer's program visit Montgomery-ed.org

A police officer is free on bond after being arrested following a rash of road-sign thefts in southeast Alabama.  Brantley Police Chief Titus Averett says officer Jeremy Ray Walker of Glenwood is on paid leave following his arrest in Pike County.  The 30-year-old Walker is charged with receiving stolen property.  Lt. Troy Johnson of the Pike County Sheriff's Office says an investigation began after someone reported that Walker was selling road signs from Crenshaw County.  Investigators contacted the county engineer and learned signs had been reported stolen from several roads.


For Many, Christmas Morning Means Beloved Breakfasts

Dec 25, 2012
Originally published on December 25, 2012 4:20 pm

Because Christmas Day means good cheer and good food for many, All Things Considered asked you to describe what you eat on the holiday — whether you celebrate Christmas or not. You told us about tamales, pickled squid, homemade soup and (of course) Chinese food.

You also told us about special breakfasts — and the special people who have shared these treats with you, like Susan Tannewtiz-Karnes' childhood neighbor, Mrs. Lawrence, who delivered a tea cake each year to Susan's family in Johnson City, Tenn. And listener Lisa Prugh offered up her late mother-in-law Janice's chocolate waffles, part of the Prugh family's holiday tradition for more than 40 years.

Recipe: Janice Prugh's Chocolate Waffles

1 1/2 cups flour

1/4 cup cocoa

1 teaspoon baking powder

1 teaspoon baking soda

1/3 cup sugar

2 cups buttermilk

1/2 cup butter, melted

2 large eggs, separated

1 teaspoon vanilla

A pinch of cream of tartar

Sift together flour, cocoa, baking powder, baking soda and sugar into a bowl and make a well in the center of the dry ingredients.

In a separate bowl, mix buttermilk, egg yolks and vanilla, then pour into the dry ingredients and combine.

Beat egg whites with cream of tartar in a separate bowl until soft peaks form. Gradually fold the beaten whites into the batter, 1/3 at a time.

Prepare waffles following directions for your waffle iron. If you like, serve with vanilla ice cream on top.

Recipe courtesy of Lisa Prugh

Recipe: Mrs. Lawrence's English Tea Cake

For the Cake

1/3 cup melted butter, cooled

3 tablespoons sugar

1 tablespoon grated orange peel

1 egg, at room temperature

1 yeast cake, or 1 package of dry yeast

1/2 cup water, at 110 to 115 degrees

1/2 cup warm milk

1/2 cup golden raisins

3 tablespoons citron

3 cups bread flour (all-purpose flour is also OK)

1/2 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon nutmeg

For the filling

1/4 pound butter (1 stick), very soft

1 cup powdered sugar

A dash of vanilla

Stir melted butter, sugar, orange peel and egg together in a large warm bowl (make sure the butter has cooled so as not to cook the egg). Set aside.

Following directions on the package, dissolve yeast pack in warm water. Let sit 3 to 5 minutes. Add in warm milk, raisins and citron and stir together. Set aside.

Sift together flour, salt and nutmeg. Set aside.

Stir softened butter, powdered sugar and vanilla together until it reaches a spreading consistency. Set aside.

Add yeast mixture to butter mixture and stir to blend. Add flour mixture to milk mixture, a little at a time, until all is added. Let dough rise until doubled in bulk, about 1 to 2 hours.

Knead the dough with flour (about ½ cup) for about 10 minutes. Dough will be very elastic and light. Divide in half and form two balls. Press dough into two 8-inch round pans and let rise again for 1 to 2 hours.

Bake at 375 for 20 minutes. Cool thoroughly, split and spread with filling mixture. Wrap loaves in foil and reheat at 350 degrees for 15 minutes before eating.

Recipe courtesy of Mrs. Lawrence's granddaughter, Laura

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.



Earlier this month, we asked you to tell us what you eat on Christmas Day, regardless of whether you celebrate the holiday. And here's what some of you enjoy for breakfast.

LISA PRUGH: We're making chocolate waffles.

SIEGEL: Chocolate waffles, they've been part of the Prugh's holiday mornings in Glendale, California, for more than 40 years. Lisa Prugh makes them, a duty she inherited from her late mother-in-law, Janice. Janice started the tradition after finding the recipe in a magazine.

PRUGH: It's a recipe that's almost a chocolate cake; milk, cocoa and sugar and butter and flour. I was surprised the first time we had it, how delicious they were.


PRUGH: How sweet they were and that you put vanilla ice cream on top of the sweetness and chocolatey goodness. I got right into it because...


PRUGH: ...once you've had them, I think they're pretty addictive.

SIEGEL: In Seattle on Christmas morning, Andrea Otanis(ph) and her daughters reach for the savory and the spicy.

ANDREA OTANIS: Grandpa Reyes' chili verde and it's delicious. It's like gold, and homemade tamales and chorizo and eggs.

SIEGEL: The tamales and chorizo sausage are Christmas morning specials, eaten one time of year. But Grandpa Reyes' chili verde is so good, Otanis and her girls enjoy it every chance they get.

OTANIS: It's tomatoes that he gets out of a can. The roasted chilies are really the key ingredient, the roasted Anaheim chili. He also roasts jalapenos and the yellow peppers. He uses a mocahete, it's like pestle and mortar, to grind them up and get the flavor out of them. And then he puts all that together in a pan. And he's very proud of it.

SUSAN TANOWITZ CARNES: For breakfast this morning, we had what we always had on Christmas morning, Mrs. Lawrence.

SIEGEL: That's right, she said Mrs. Lawrence. They're not cannibals, it's a tea cake named after the lady who delivered it every Christmas to her neighbors in Johnson City, Tennessee.

CARNES: I have another cake recipe I call Mrs. Monroe.

SIEGEL: OK. With that cleared up, here Susan Tanowitz Carnes, now of Overland Park, Kansas, with the details of Mrs. Lawrence, the cake.

CARNES: It's a not-very-sweet bread that has raisins and currants and some spice we couldn't quite identify. And it has this fabulous butter filling right in the middle that melts into it when you put it in the oven.

It would be delivered sometimes probably in the week before Christmas. We would come home from school and my mother would just say, Mrs. Lawrence came by, we have Mrs. Lawrence. And we'd say ooh, yes, yes. We couldn't wait. And on Christmas morning, we get through the presence and it would be is it in the oven? Can we have it? And then it was one of those things that you fought over who got a little more of it than anybody else.

I grew up and moved away. And Mrs. Lawrence got very old and didn't bring it over anymore. And I happened to be back at my parents' house about 10 years ago and Mrs. Lawrence was well into her 90s. And I heard people over on her porch and I went over. And it was her and her daughter and granddaughter. And we talked for a while and I finally got up the courage to say, if you would ever, ever give up this very special secret recipe, I would love to have it.

They were completely dumbfounded. They said, it's a secret? And the granddaughter said, oh, well, I'll email it to you tomorrow. I have made it every year since. And my son called this year and asked for the recipe. So Mrs. Lawrence will live on even though the original Mrs. Lawrence has passed quite a few years ago.

SIEGEL: That's Ms. Susan Tanowitz Carnes talking about the Mrs. Lawrence, the person and the cake. And those secret spices, the things that made the cake so flavorful: orange peel, citron, vanilla and nutmeg. If you want the recipe, write us@NPR.org and we'll share.

And we'll hear more of your holiday food stories elsewhere in today's program. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.