When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

The trip over the Mediterranean included a breathtaking flyover of the Pyramids. Check it out:

President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

"I've seen how inadequate words can be in bringing about lasting change," the president said Tuesday at a memorial service for five law officers killed last week in Dallas. "I've seen how inadequate my own words have been."

Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

At least that's one premise of the Allen Brain Observatory, which launched Wednesday and lets anyone with an Internet connection study a mouse brain as it responds to visual information.

The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

"Following one of the longest and most exhaustive investigations in our history," the FBI's Ayn Dietrich-Williams said in a statement, "the FBI redirected resources allocated to the D.B. Cooper case in order to focus on other investigative priorities."

This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.

Alabama authorities say a home burglary suspect has died after police used a stun gun on the man.  Birmingham police say he resisted officers who found him in a house wrapped in what looked like material from the air conditioner duct work.  The Lewisburg Road homeowner called police Tuesday about glass breaking and someone yelling and growling in his basement.  Police reportedly entered the dwelling and used a stun gun several times on a white suspect before handcuffing him.  Investigators say the man was "extremely irritated" throughout and didn't obey verbal commands.

It can be hard to distinguish among the men wearing grey suits and regulation haircuts on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington. But David Margolis always brought a splash of color.

It wasn't his lovably disheveled wardrobe, or his Elvis ring, but something else: the force of his flamboyant personality. Margolis, a graduate of Harvard Law School, didn't want to fit in with the crowd. He wanted to stand out.

Montgomery Education Foundation's Brain Forest Summer Learning Academy was spotlighted Wednesday at Carver High School.  The academic-enrichment program is for rising 4th, 5th, and 6th graders in the Montgomery Public School system.  Community Program Director Dillion Nettles, says the program aims to prevent learning loss during summer months.  To find out how your child can participate in next summer's program visit Montgomery-ed.org

A police officer is free on bond after being arrested following a rash of road-sign thefts in southeast Alabama.  Brantley Police Chief Titus Averett says officer Jeremy Ray Walker of Glenwood is on paid leave following his arrest in Pike County.  The 30-year-old Walker is charged with receiving stolen property.  Lt. Troy Johnson of the Pike County Sheriff's Office says an investigation began after someone reported that Walker was selling road signs from Crenshaw County.  Investigators contacted the county engineer and learned signs had been reported stolen from several roads.

Pages

Democrats Dig In Their Heels On Entitlement Cuts

Dec 15, 2012
Originally published on December 16, 2012 1:43 pm

Congress has barely two weeks to agree on a deficit-cutting deal to keep the nation from going over the "fiscal cliff" in the new year. The problem is that right now there is no such deal to agree on.

Republicans reject the higher tax rates for top incomes that President Obama demands. And they also insist on more austere entitlement programs, which has Democrats digging in their heels.

House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio, the Republicans' lead negotiator with President Obama, has said it time and again: "Without spending cuts and entitlement reforms, it's going to be impossible to address our country's debt crisis."

On Wednesday, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor got even more specific.

"Any kind of agreement that we come to has to deal with the prime drivers of our deficit, which is the spending and particularly the health care entitlement programs," the Virginia Republican said.

But neither Boehner nor Cantor actually named those entitlement programs, much less any proposals on how to change them.

Dick Durbin of Illinois, the Senate's No. 2 Democrat, is not surprised.

"They want to change entitlements — that's part of the deal," he said. "We've said: Be specific. They don't want to talk about it, because the changes can be very controversial and some of them not too popular."

Democrats say the White House has assured them Social Security is not on the table in the deal-making to avoid the sweeping tax hikes and spending cuts that will be triggered at the end of the year. Medicare apparently is being discussed. And one idea Republicans have been pushing is raising the program's eligibility age above its current level of 65.

But just a couple of days ago, House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California was saying: "Don't even think about raising the Medicare age."

Democrats, she said, were not about to throw America's seniors over the fiscal cliff to give a tax cut to the wealthiest.

"If you want the scalp of seniors before you will touch one hair on the head of the wealthiest people in our country, then what's the discussion about?" she said.

In a nationwide survey of 1,500 adults released this week, the Pew Research Center found wide agreement with the Democrats.

"We had 56 percent opposed to raising the eligibility age for Medicare or changing the retirement age for Social Security. We asked both separately and got the exact same answer to both questions," said Michael Dimock, one of that poll's authors. "These are unpopular ideas, particularly for people who are under age 65."

Another idea Republicans have proposed is making the formula used for cost-of-living adjustments to entitlement programs less generous. It's something known as "chained CPI" — referring to the consumer price index. Vermont Rep. Peter Welch, a Democrat, says it would be a bitter pill to swallow.

"Chained CPI's tough; it is a cut," he said. "The president's negotiating that. So there's not enthusiasm on the Democratic side to do that — a lot of opposition, in fact."

But Democrats are not unanimous in their opposition. Durbin said it could win his support.

"To just say we're just going to do that alone? No, I wouldn't be for that — that kind of a potshot approach," he said. "But if you're talking about a package that gives another 20, 30, 40, 50 years of solvency to Social Security, that takes care of the poorest people on Social Security, who don't even reach the poverty level; takes care of the elderly, whose savings are gone — I'm listening. Let's talk it through."

But Durbin, like most Democrats, is wary of including any far-reaching and long-lasting entitlement reforms in a hastily thrown-together deal to avoid the fiscal cliff.

Independent Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont earlier this week rallied opponents of such reforms.

"People are very clear about what they want, and then you got folks here inside the Beltway who get huge amounts of campaign contributions from the wealthy and large corporations, they have a different perspective," he said. "But we have the people on our side. Let's stand tall, and we're going to win this thing."

Even if that means going over the fiscal cliff.

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon.

Congress has barely two weeks to agree on a deficit-cutting deal to avoid the so-called fiscal cliff. On January 1st, the government is scheduled to enact a series of automatic spending cuts and tax increases that both parties say they don't want to happen. But so far, Republicans have rejected increasing the tax rate for top incomes. President Obama has said that raising the rate is a requirement for any deal. And Republicans insist on more austere entitlement programs that has Democrats digging in their heels.

NPR's David Welna reports.

DAVID WELNA, BYLINE: House speaker John Boehner of Ohio, the Republicans' lead negotiator with President Obama, has said it time and again:

REPRESENTATIVE JOHN BOEHNER: Without spending cuts and entitlement reforms, it's going to be impossible to address our country's debt crisis.

WELNA: On Wednesday, House majority leader Eric Cantor got even more specific.

REPRESENTATIVE ERIC CANTOR: Any kind of agreement that we come to has to deal with the prime drivers of our deficit, which is the spending and particularly the health care entitlement programs.

WELNA: But neither Boehner nor Cantor actually named those entitlement programs, much less any proposals on how to change them.

Dick Durbin of Illinois, the Senate's Number two Democrat, is not surprised.

SENATOR DICK DURBIN: They want to change entitlements that's part of the deal. We've said be specific. They don't want to talk about it, because the changes can be very controversial and some of them not too popular.

WELNA: Democrats say the White House has assured them Social Security is not on the table in the fiscal cliff deal-making. Medicare apparently is being discussed. And one idea Republicans have been pushing is raising the program's eligibility age above its current level of 65.

REPRESENTATIVE NANCY PELOSI: Don't even think about raising the Medicare age.

WELNA: That's House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi a couple of days ago. Democrats, she said, were not about to throw America's seniors over the fiscal cliff to give a tax cut to the wealthiest.

PELOSI: If you want the scalp of seniors before you will touch one hair on the head of the wealthiest people in our country, then what's the discussion about?

WELNA: In a nationwide survey of 1500 adults released this week, the Pew Research Center found wide agreement with the Democrats. Michael Dimock is one of that poll's authors.

MICHAEL DIMOCK: We had 56 percent opposed to raising the eligibility age for Medicare or changing the retirement age for Social Security. We asked both separately and got the exact same answer to both questions. These are unpopular ideas, particularly for people who are under age 65.

WELNA: Another idea Republicans have proposed is making the formula used for cost-of-living adjustments to entitlement programs less generous. It's something known as chained CPI. Vermont House Democrat Peter Welch says it would be a bitter pill to swallow.

REPRESENTATIVE PETER WELCH: Chained CPI is tough. It is a cut. The president is negotiating that. So there's not enthusiasm on the Democratic side to do that - a lot of opposition, in fact.

WELNA: But Democrats are not unanimous in their opposition. The Senate's Dick Durbin said it could win his support.

DURBIN: To just say we're just going to do that alone? No, I wouldn't be for that, that kind of a potshot approach. But if you're talking about a package that gives another 20, 30, 40, 50 years of solvency to Social Security, that takes care of the poorest people on Social Security, who don't even reach the poverty level; takes care of the elderly, whose savings are gone - I'm listening. Let's talk it through.

WELNA: But Durbin, like most Democrats, is wary of including any far-reaching and long-lasting entitlement reforms in a hastily, thrown-together deal to avoid the fiscal cliff.

Senate Independent Bernie Sanders of Vermont earlier this week rallied opponents of such reforms.

SENATOR BERNIE SANDERS: People are very clear about what they want. And then you got folks here inside the Beltway who get huge amounts of campaign contributions from the wealthy and large corporations, they have a different perspective. But we have the people on our side. Let's stand tall and we're going to win this thing.

WELNA: Even if that means going over the fiscal cliff.

David Welna, NPR News, The Capitol. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.