NASA has released the first picture of Jupiter taken since the Juno spacecraft went into orbit around the planet on July 4.

The picture was taken on July 10. Juno was 2.7 million miles from Jupiter at the time. The color image shows some of the atmospheric features of the planet, including the giant red spot. You can also see three of Jupiter's moons in the picture: Io, Europa and Ganymede.

The Senate is set to approve a bill intended to change the way police and health care workers treat people struggling with opioid addictions.

My husband and I once took great pleasure in preparing meals from scratch. We made pizza dough and sauce. We baked bread. We churned ice cream.

Then we became parents.

Now there are some weeks when pre-chopped veggies and a rotisserie chicken are the only things between us and five nights of Chipotle.

Parents are busy. For some of us, figuring out how to get dinner on the table is a daily struggle. So I reached out to food experts, parents and nutritionists for help. Here is some of their (and my) best advice for making weeknight meals happen.

"O Canada," the national anthem of our neighbors up north, comes in two official versions — English and French. They share a melody, but differ in meaning.

Let the record show: neither version of those lyrics contains the phrase "all lives matter."

But at the 2016 All-Star Game, the song got an unexpected edit.

At Petco Park in San Diego, one member of the Canadian singing group The Tenors — by himself, according to the other members of the group — revised the anthem.

School's out, and a lot of parents are getting through the long summer days with extra helpings of digital devices.

How should we feel about that?

Police in Baton Rouge say they have arrested three people who stole guns with the goal of killing police officers. They are still looking for a fourth suspect in the alleged plot, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

"Police say the thefts were at a Baton Rouge pawn shop early Saturday morning," Greg says. "One person was arrested at the scene. Since then, two others have been arrested and six of the eight stolen handguns have been recovered. Police are still looking for one other man."

A 13-year-old boy is among those arrested, Greg says.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

Donald Trump is firing back at Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg after she disparaged him in several media interviews. He tweeted late Tuesday that she "has embarrassed all" with her "very dumb political statements" about the candidate. Trump ended his tweet with "Her mind is shot - resign!":

Donald Trump wrapped up his public tryout of potential vice presidential candidates in Indiana Tuesday night with Gov. Mike Pence giving the final audition.

The Indiana governor's stock as Trump's possible running mate is believed to be on the rise, with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich also atop the list. Sources tell NPR the presumptive GOP presidential nominee is close to making a decision, which he's widely expected to announce by Friday.

Pages

Are Recent Heat Waves A Result Of Climate Change?

Aug 6, 2012
Originally published on August 6, 2012 6:51 pm

The last couple of years have certainly felt unusually hot in many parts of the U.S., but are they really all that unusual?

Many people wonder whether a warming climate is turning up the temperature or whether it's all just part of the normal variation in the weather. Among scientists, there's a growing view that these latest heat waves are indeed a result of climate change.

NASA climate scientist James Hansen has looked at the past century's temperatures all over the world. He has measured hot spells with what you might call a "unit of weirdness" — a standard deviation. It's a measure of abnormality.

One standard deviation from what's normal might be throwing snake eyes three times in a row. The more snake eyes you roll in a row, the more standard deviations away from normal you are.

Hansen says current temperatures in the world are out of whack, even to people who don't know statistics.

"If you look at the frequency with which things are happening, then you get to a point where the dice are so loaded that the public can see it," he says. "And that, I think, is where we are now."

Hansen says heat waves like the one that hit the U.S. last year are a whole three standard deviations from normal summer weather. That's a lot of snake eyes in a row.

But extremes do happen now and then without climate change — think of the Dust Bowl drought of the 1930s. But Hansen says the difference is that these kinds of extreme events are happening much more often.

"Now between 10 to 12 percent of the planet in the last 10 years has been covered by these three-standard-deviation anomalies," he says.

Hansen's analysis appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

And there's another odd thing: If the hot weather were part of normal variation, you'd expect a lot of very cold spells, too.

"We really see a strong trend to many more hot records than cold records," says Jonathan Overpeck, a climate scientist at the University of Arizona. "In March alone, there were nearly 15,000 hot records broken in the United States. And that really, in a sense, really blows records away. I mean it's just incredible."

Climate scientists point out that global warming doesn't mean increasingly severe heat waves and droughts will hit everywhere at once.

"The really hot spots certainly move around," Kevin Trenberth, of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado, said in a recent NPR interview. "You know, last year it was in the South, in Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma. The previous year it was in Russia. The outstanding event in 2009 was down in Australia."

One caveat in all this is the period scientists pick as normal to compare the present to. When, if ever, was the climate "normal"?

Hansen chose the period 1951 to 1980, before the sharp upturn in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. He acknowledges that picking any other time period for the "norm" would alter his results. But he says whatever you compare the present to, it still comes out abnormal.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish. It's been an unusually hot couple of years in many parts of the U.S., but just how unusual is this? That's a question climate scientists are getting asked a lot. They wonder whether a warming climate is to blame or whether it's just part of normal variation in the weather.

NPR's Christopher Joyce reports on a growing view that these latest heat waves are a result of climate change.

CHRISTOPHER JOYCE, BYLINE: Climate scientist James Hansen of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies has been looking at the past century's temperatures all over the world. He's measured hot spells with what you might call a unit of weirdness, a standard deviation. It's a measure of abnormality. One standard deviation from what's normal might be throwing snake eyes three times in a row. The more snake eyes you roll in a row, the more standard deviations away from normal you are.

Hansen says current temperatures in the world are out of whack, even to people who don't know statistics.

JAMES HANSEN: If you look at the frequency with which things are happening, then you get to a point where the dice are so loaded that the public can see it and that, I think, is where we are now.

JOYCE: Hansen says heat waves like the one that hit the U.S. last year are a whole three standard deviations from normal summer weather - that's a lot of snake eyes in a row. But extremes do happen now and then. Without the climate change, think of the Dust Bowl drought of the 1930s.

But Hansen says the difference is these kinds of extreme events are happening much more often.

HANSEN: Now, between 10 to 12 percent of the planet in the last 10 years has been covered by these three standard deviation anomalies.

JOYCE: Hansen's analysis appears in the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. There's another odd thing. If the hot weather were part of normal variation, you'd expect a lot of very cold spells, too.

Jonathan Overpeck is a climate scientist at the University of Arizona.

JONATHAN OVERPECK: We really see a strong trend to many more hot records than cold records. In March alone, there were nearly 15,000 hot records broken in the United States and that really, in a sense, blows, you know, records away. I mean, it's just incredible.

JOYCE: Climate scientists point out that global warming doesn't mean increasingly severe heat waves and droughts will hit everywhere at once.

KEVIN TRENBERTH: The really hot spots certainly move around.

JOYCE: That's Kevin Trenberth from the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado in a recent NPR interview.

TRENBERTH: You know, last year, it was in the South, in Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma. The previous year, it was in Russia and the outstanding event in 2009 was down in Australia.

JOYCE: One caveat in all this is the period scientists pick as normal to compare the present to. When, if ever, was the climate normal? Hansen shows the period 1951 to 1980, before the sharp upturn in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. He acknowledges that picking any other time period for the norm would alter his results, but he says whatever you compare the present to, it still comes out abnormal.

Christopher Joyce, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.