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The Republican National Convention is in 4 days in Cleveland.

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NASA has released the first picture of Jupiter taken since the Juno spacecraft went into orbit around the planet on July 4.

The picture was taken on July 10. Juno was 2.7 million miles from Jupiter at the time. The color image shows some of the atmospheric features of the planet, including the giant red spot. You can also see three of Jupiter's moons in the picture: Io, Europa and Ganymede.

The Senate is set to approve a bill intended to change the way police and health care workers treat people struggling with opioid addictions.

My husband and I once took great pleasure in preparing meals from scratch. We made pizza dough and sauce. We baked bread. We churned ice cream.

Then we became parents.

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Parents are busy. For some of us, figuring out how to get dinner on the table is a daily struggle. So I reached out to food experts, parents and nutritionists for help. Here is some of their (and my) best advice for making weeknight meals happen.

"O Canada," the national anthem of our neighbors up north, comes in two official versions — English and French. They share a melody, but differ in meaning.

Let the record show: neither version of those lyrics contains the phrase "all lives matter."

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At Petco Park in San Diego, one member of the Canadian singing group The Tenors — by himself, according to the other members of the group — revised the anthem.

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Police in Baton Rouge say they have arrested three people who stole guns with the goal of killing police officers. They are still looking for a fourth suspect in the alleged plot, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

"Police say the thefts were at a Baton Rouge pawn shop early Saturday morning," Greg says. "One person was arrested at the scene. Since then, two others have been arrested and six of the eight stolen handguns have been recovered. Police are still looking for one other man."

A 13-year-old boy is among those arrested, Greg says.

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After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

Donald Trump is firing back at Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg after she disparaged him in several media interviews. He tweeted late Tuesday that she "has embarrassed all" with her "very dumb political statements" about the candidate. Trump ended his tweet with "Her mind is shot - resign!":


Why Some Are Exempt From Federal Income Taxes

Sep 19, 2012
Originally published on September 19, 2012 4:02 pm



Far more than half of Americans pay some form of federal, state and local taxes. But one thing all parties seem to agree on is that the proportion of people not paying federal income taxes has grown larger in recent years.


Less talked about is that policies backed both by Democrats and Republicans, combined with an aging population and a high unemployment rate, have fueled that growth.

NPR's David Welna has this brief history of federal taxes.

DAVID WELNA, BYLINE: Mitt Romney is hardly the first Republican to complain about all the people not paying federal income taxes. GOP lawmakers have long made this an issue on Capitol Hill. Here's Jon Kyl, the Senate's number two Republican, pointing out last year that about half of U.S. households fell in that group.


SENATOR JON KYL: I don't think that's a good thing. While certainly people in the lower income brackets aren't able to pay very much in the way of taxes, I think even a very small amount, an affordable amount would be appropriate so that everybody has what they call skin in the game.

WELNA: Kyl did not mention that most of those people do pay federal payroll taxes, and that half a dozen of the nation's 400 wealthiest households paid no federal income taxes in 2009, thanks to tax breaks for investment losses. But most of the 76 million houses that paid no federal income taxes last year were anything but wealthy. Elaine Maag is an expert on low-income taxation at the non-partisan Tax Policy Center.

ELAINE MAAG: Many people do not pay income tax - federal income taxes, because they have earnings or types of income that we don't tax.

WELNA: Such as social security payments to the elderly and disabled, or military pay. But the biggest reason so many households pay no federal income tax is the earned-income tax credit. University of Wisconsin economist John Karl Scholz says there was broad support for this subsidy for low-wage workers when it was enacted by Congress in 1975.

JOHN KARL SCHOLZ: The Republicans were attracted to it because it reinforces work. It subsidizes the wages of low-skilled workers. Democrats, I think, liked it because it redistributed resources to households trying to do the right thing. And so for a very long time - and it was expanded in bipartisan fashion.


PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN: Millions of working poor will be dropped from the tax rolls altogether.

WELNA: That was President Ronald Reagan praising an expansion of the earned-income tax credit as part of the 1986 Tax Reform Act.


REAGAN: The bill I'm signing today is not only an historic overhaul of our tax code and a sweeping victory for fairness, it's also the best anti-poverty bill, the best pro-family measure and the best job creation program ever to come out of the Congress of the United States.

WELNA: And that tax credit did do what it was intended to do, according to the Tax Policy Center's Elaine Maag.

MAAG: It was enacted to encourage people to work. The research is very good at showing that it brings people into the labor market.

WELNA: A month after taking office in 1993, President Bill Clinton asked Congress to make the earned-income tax credit more generous, especially for families with two or more children.


PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON: By expanding the refundable earned-income tax credit, we will make history. We will reward the work of millions of working poor Americans by realizing the principle that if you work 40 hours a week and you've got a child in the house, you will no longer be in poverty.

WELNA: Clinton got what he asked for, and about a quarter of households paid no federal income tax during his administration. The proportion not paying increased to more than 36 percent by the end of George W. Bush's presidency, thanks in part to a child tax credit he added. A combination of high unemployment and temporary tax breaks has had nearly half of all households exempt from federal income taxes in the Obama administration, but tax expert Maag says that's bound to change.

MAAG: The projections at the Tax Policy Center that we've had for a while note that as the economy recovers, more people will be brought into the federal income tax fold, and that number will drop by about half.

WELNA: Already, nearly two-thirds of those who don't pay federal income taxes do have a job and pay other federal taxes. But by earning more, they'd also have to pay more. David Welna, NPR New, the Capitol. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.