NPR Politics presents the Lunchbox List: our favorite campaign news and stories curated from NPR and around the Web in digestible bites (100 words or less!). Look for it every weekday afternoon from now until the conventions.

Convention Countdown

The Republican National Convention is in 4 days in Cleveland.

The Democratic National Convention is in 11 days in Philadelphia.

NASA has released the first picture of Jupiter taken since the Juno spacecraft went into orbit around the planet on July 4.

The picture was taken on July 10. Juno was 2.7 million miles from Jupiter at the time. The color image shows some of the atmospheric features of the planet, including the giant red spot. You can also see three of Jupiter's moons in the picture: Io, Europa and Ganymede.

The Senate is set to approve a bill intended to change the way police and health care workers treat people struggling with opioid addictions.

My husband and I once took great pleasure in preparing meals from scratch. We made pizza dough and sauce. We baked bread. We churned ice cream.

Then we became parents.

Now there are some weeks when pre-chopped veggies and a rotisserie chicken are the only things between us and five nights of Chipotle.

Parents are busy. For some of us, figuring out how to get dinner on the table is a daily struggle. So I reached out to food experts, parents and nutritionists for help. Here is some of their (and my) best advice for making weeknight meals happen.

"O Canada," the national anthem of our neighbors up north, comes in two official versions — English and French. They share a melody, but differ in meaning.

Let the record show: neither version of those lyrics contains the phrase "all lives matter."

But at the 2016 All-Star Game, the song got an unexpected edit.

At Petco Park in San Diego, one member of the Canadian singing group The Tenors — by himself, according to the other members of the group — revised the anthem.

School's out, and a lot of parents are getting through the long summer days with extra helpings of digital devices.

How should we feel about that?

Police in Baton Rouge say they have arrested three people who stole guns with the goal of killing police officers. They are still looking for a fourth suspect in the alleged plot, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

"Police say the thefts were at a Baton Rouge pawn shop early Saturday morning," Greg says. "One person was arrested at the scene. Since then, two others have been arrested and six of the eight stolen handguns have been recovered. Police are still looking for one other man."

A 13-year-old boy is among those arrested, Greg says.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

Donald Trump is firing back at Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg after she disparaged him in several media interviews. He tweeted late Tuesday that she "has embarrassed all" with her "very dumb political statements" about the candidate. Trump ended his tweet with "Her mind is shot - resign!":

Pages

What Anti-Islam Film Says About Free Speech And The 'Heckler's Veto'

Sep 14, 2012
Originally published on September 14, 2012 1:47 pm

After the deadly attack on the U.S. Consulate in Libya earlier this week, Google took down the YouTube video said to have sparked the violence — but only in Libya and in Egypt, where anti-American protests also flared up.

It's an example of the challenges of balancing U.S. free speech concerns and of something known as the "heckler's veto."

The Innocence of Muslims isn't the only YouTube video that can be seen in the U.S. but not elsewhere. Nazi propaganda is banned in Germany, for example, and slurs against Turkey's founder don't appear in that country.

But Andrew McLaughlin, former deputy chief technology officer at the White House, says there are some unusual aspects of the decision by Google, which owns YouTube, to limit this clip.

"Normally what I would expect to see is Google waiting for some kind of an official directive or a court order that comes out of the duly constituted legal system in those countries," he says. "Of course, that's not always possible."

In this case, it appears that Google made the decision to take the video off YouTube on its own.

"If Google is being perceived to be taking these videos down because of the threat of violence," McLaughlin says, that could create more problems because of the concept of the heckler's veto — "this idea that if you show weakness in your devotion to free speech, then all that somebody has to do is threaten to riot in order to get you to take the speech down."

Every minute, YouTube receives roughly 24 hours' worth of videos from users. And Google depends largely on those users to flag videos that violate YouTube's standards. But those standards are broad.

Google declined to talk about the details of its decision to take down this video but did release a statement saying:

"This video — which is widely available on the Web — is clearly within our guidelines and so will stay on YouTube. However, given the very difficult situation in Libya and Egypt, we have temporarily restricted access in both countries."

Kevin Bankston, the director of the Free Expression Project at the Center for Democracy and Technology, says it's hard to second-guess Google's decision "considering the actual violence that's occurred and the risk of more violence in Egypt and Libya."

"As for their decision to keep it up in every other country and to minimize the free speech impact of the takedown," he says, "I think that's definitely the right decision. We don't want violent protesters to be able to enforce a hecklers veto over the entire planet."

These days, it's often companies — not governments — that make these decisions on behalf of millions of people. And Andrew McLaughlin says they are not easy.

Before he was at the White House, McLaughlin was director of public policy at Google and helped create the policies Google is now using to handle situations like the one unfolding in the Middle East and North Africa. He says these debates about free speech are complicated even when dealing with other Western Democracies.

"In Germany, I don't think anybody thinks that publication of Mein Kampf or access to Hitler's diaries is going to lead to a new resurgence of the Nazi party," McLaughlin says. "But the prohibition on that content is part of a national expression of shame and remorse for what took place. By disrespecting that, as a company, you may be sending a signal to that market that is not the one you want to send.

"So I think the considerations are more complicated than simply what the First Amendment rules would dictate here in the U.S.," he says.

Yesterday, authorities in Afghanistan reportedly took steps to ban YouTube completely. In light of that kind of blanket ban, McLaughlin says, Google's policy of obliging governments with narrowly targeted takedowns actually may help preserve a forum for speech in countries like Egypt and Libya.

And these targeted takedowns may also help Google's YouTube expand and preserve its market.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Now, after the killing of the U.S. ambassador to Libya, the Google-owned YouTube website took down the video that led to the violence, but only in Libya and in Egypt. The trailer for the film "The Innocence of the Muslims" is still available on YouTube in the United States and in many other places. NPR's Steve Henn reports on the difficult balance American companies attempt to strike.

STEVE HENN, BYLINE: The videos you can get here on YouTube are not everywhere. Nazi propaganda is banned in Germany. Slurs against Turkey's founder don't appear in that country. So this isn't the first time Google's removed videos from YouTube in certain parts of the world. But Andrew McLaughlin, the White House's former deputy chief technology officer, says there are some aspects of Google's decision yesterday that are unusual.

ANDREW MCLAUGHLIN: Normally, what I would expect to see is Google waiting for some kind of an official directive or a court order that comes out of the duly constituted legal system in those countries. That's not always possible.

HENN: In this case, it appears that Google made the decision to take this video off YouTube on its own.

MCLAUGHLIN: Google is being perceived to have taken these videos down because of the threat of violence.

HENN: It could create more problems, McLaughlin says, because of something known as the heckler's veto.

MCLAUGHLIN: This is the idea that if you show weakness in your devotion to free speech, then all that somebody has to do is threaten to riot in order to get you to take the speech down.

HENN: Every minute, YouTube receives roughly 24 hours of videos from users. And Google depends largely on users to flag videos that violate YouTube's standards, but those standards are broad. Google declined to talk about the details of its decision to take this video down, but it did release a statement, saying, quote, "This video, which is widely available on the Web, is clearly within our guidelines and so will stay on YouTube. However, given the very difficult situation in Libya and Egypt, we have temporarily restricted access in both countries."

KEVIN BANKSTON: Considering the actual violence that's occurred and the risk of more violence in Egypt and Libya, it's kind of hard to second-guess their taking down the video in those countries.

HENN: Kevin Bankston is the director of the Free Expression Project at the Center for Democracy and Technology.

BANKSTON: As for their decision to keep it up in every other country and to minimize the free speech impact of the takedown, I think that's definitely the right decision. We don't want violent protestors to be able to enforce a heckler's veto over the entire planet.

HENN: Today, it's often companies, not governments, that make these decisions - for millions. Andrew McLaughlin says they're not easy. Before he was at the White House, McLaughlin was director of public policy at Google and helped create the policies Google's now using to handle situations like the one unfolding in the Middle East. He says these free speech debates are complicated, even when you're dealing with other Western democracies.

MCLAUGHLIN: In Germany, I don't think anybody thinks that publication of "Mein Kampf" or access to Hitler's diaries is going to lead to a new resurgence of the Nazi party. But the prohibition on that content is part of the national expression of shame and remorse for what took place. And so by disrespecting that as a company, you may be sending a signal to that market that - not the one that you want to send. So I think the considerations are more complicated than simply what the First Amendment rules would dictate here in the U.S.

HENN: Yesterday, authorities in Afghanistan reportedly took steps to ban YouTube completely. McLaughlin says in light of that kind of blanket ban, Google's policy of obliging governments with narrowly targeted takedowns actually may help preserve a forum for speech in countries like Egypt and Libya. And while that's true, these targeted takedowns may also help Google's YouTube expand and preserve its market. Steve Henn, NPR News.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

INSKEEP: We're glad you're joining us for a free discussion of the issues on this local public radio station supported by your community, which brings you MORNING EDITION. You can continue to follow us throughout the day on social media. We're on Facebook. We're on Twitter. You can find us, among other places, @MorningEdition and @NPRInskeep. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.