NASA has released the first picture of Jupiter taken since the Juno spacecraft went into orbit around the planet on July 4.

The picture was taken on July 10. Juno was 2.7 million miles from Jupiter at the time. The color image shows some of the atmospheric features of the planet, including the giant red spot. You can also see three of Jupiter's moons in the picture: Io, Europa and Ganymede.

The Senate is set to approve a bill intended to change the way police and health care workers treat people struggling with opioid addictions.

My husband and I once took great pleasure in preparing meals from scratch. We made pizza dough and sauce. We baked bread. We churned ice cream.

Then we became parents.

Now there are some weeks when pre-chopped veggies and a rotisserie chicken are the only things between us and five nights of Chipotle.

Parents are busy. For some of us, figuring out how to get dinner on the table is a daily struggle. So I reached out to food experts, parents and nutritionists for help. Here is some of their (and my) best advice for making weeknight meals happen.

"O Canada," the national anthem of our neighbors up north, comes in two official versions — English and French. They share a melody, but differ in meaning.

Let the record show: neither version of those lyrics contains the phrase "all lives matter."

But at the 2016 All-Star Game, the song got an unexpected edit.

At Petco Park in San Diego, one member of the Canadian singing group The Tenors — by himself, according to the other members of the group — revised the anthem.

School's out, and a lot of parents are getting through the long summer days with extra helpings of digital devices.

How should we feel about that?

Police in Baton Rouge say they have arrested three people who stole guns with the goal of killing police officers. They are still looking for a fourth suspect in the alleged plot, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

"Police say the thefts were at a Baton Rouge pawn shop early Saturday morning," Greg says. "One person was arrested at the scene. Since then, two others have been arrested and six of the eight stolen handguns have been recovered. Police are still looking for one other man."

A 13-year-old boy is among those arrested, Greg says.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

Donald Trump is firing back at Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg after she disparaged him in several media interviews. He tweeted late Tuesday that she "has embarrassed all" with her "very dumb political statements" about the candidate. Trump ended his tweet with "Her mind is shot - resign!":

Donald Trump wrapped up his public tryout of potential vice presidential candidates in Indiana Tuesday night with Gov. Mike Pence giving the final audition.

The Indiana governor's stock as Trump's possible running mate is believed to be on the rise, with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich also atop the list. Sources tell NPR the presumptive GOP presidential nominee is close to making a decision, which he's widely expected to announce by Friday.

Pages

The Value Of HIV Treatment In Couples

Jul 27, 2012

Dr. Rochelle Walensky thinks the 19th International AIDS Conference will be remembered as the moment when the world began to mobilize to end the pandemic.

The Harvard researcher probably speaks for many of the 23,000 scientists, activists and policy mavens who came to the Washington conference. But they're going home with a big question on their minds: Can the world afford it?

Walensky and her colleagues provided the beginning of an answer with a presentation on the final day of the conference. They looked at the cost implications of expanding anti-retroviral treatment to all HIV-positive people in couples where one partner is not infected.

"Is it worth paying for? The answer is yes, it's very cost-effective," Walensky told Shots. At least that's the case in South Africa and India, which the researchers chose for their analysis, and for the limited situation of these so-called discordant couples.

The starting point was a now-famous study published last year that has done more than any other to raise the hope that aggressive testing of people to see if they're HIV-positive followed by early treatment with anti-retroviral drugs can virtually eliminate their chances of infecting others.

The study, called HPTN-052, focused on the particular situation of discordant couples.

For the new analysis, Harvard researchers used the HPTN-052 findings and cranked in the cost of treating the infected partner over five years and their remaining lifetime, the number of HIV infections prevented and a slew of other economic and behavioral variables.

By the standards of the World Health Organization, universal treatment of these patients ranks as "very cost-effective." That means the cost of each year of life saved (both among treated people and those who didn't get infected as a result) was less than the per capita gross domestic product in the country where they live.

Far less, in fact. Universal treatment in these couples came in at around $500 per year of life saved — below South Africa's $8,100 per capita GDP or India's $1,400.

And Walensky's team was surprised to find that universal treatment was actually cost-saving over the first five years in South Africa. That is, treatment produced more savings than it cost, because of HIV infections that were averted.

"It's really hard to find health interventions that save money," Walensky says. "So we were really excited about that."

For time horizons longer than five years, universal treatment is not likely to be cost-saving, even if it remains cost-effective. "Think about it," Walensky says. "It's not going to save money because of its own success. People will live longer and that will not save money," because they need to be treated for a lifetime.

The findings are the first to demonstrate the viability of the new enthusiasm for universal HIV treatment, which has inspired that idea of treatment as prevention. So it's an important benchmark.

"If we hadn't found these results, that would have been disappointing," Walensky says. "It would have really made us as a society think about whether we should be investing in other ways."

But it would be a mistake to think this study can be generalized beyond the situation of discordant couples, or perhaps even to discordant couples in the real world, as opposed to those enrolled in a carefully managed clinical trial.

One big question is whether greatly expanded (not to say universal) treatment of high-risk individuals would be cost-effective, such as for HIV-positive people who have multiple sex partners, for instance.

That's going to be hard to answer. They're a lot harder to study than discordant couples in a stable relationship who sign up for a study. And Walensky notes that it took 12 years to do that study.

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.