1:27pm

Thu March 14, 2013
The Salt

Shanghai's Dead Pigs: Search For Answers Turns Up Denials

Originally published on Thu March 14, 2013 10:08 pm

More than a week has passed since thousands of dead pigs were first discovered floating in a river in Shanghai, but authorities have yet to explain fully where the pigs came from or why they died.

Fourteen of the pigs had tags in their ears identifying them as coming from Jiaxing city, in neighboring Zhejiang province. Getting to the bottom of the pig story, though, is tough. A visit to Zhulin village, where most everyone raises pigs, was greeted by serial denials.

"They say there are more pigs than humans in our village," said a man named Ye, whose family raises pigs in a concrete building next to their house. "Some families have more than 1,000 pigs. But not many pigs died recently, no, really not."

Ye's father chimed in.

"Here people would be fined if they threw pigs into rivers," he said, as a light rain fell over the lush, green barley fields that surround the village of mostly ochre-colored, two-story homes. "There are government people collecting dead pigs."

But earlier this week, a Zhulin village official, Wang Xianjun, told a local newspaper that 18,000 pigs had died here in January and February. A Zhejiang official attributed a spate of pig deaths in the province to cold weather.

When NPR called a village office asking for Wang — the Zhulin official – workers there said he didn't exist. When I traveled two hours from Shanghai to Zhulin and actually went to the local government office, workers there said Wang was away at a meeting and they declined to supply his cellphone number.

Hong Kong's South China Morning Post quoted Zhejiang villagers saying farmers dumped pigs in the river because there were too many for government disposal areas. In addition, villagers said some farmers may have dumped pigs because of a crackdown on selling diseased pigs for human consumption.

Pork is the most popular meat in China. Half the world's pigs live there, as The Salt has previously reported. China's state media reported this week that 46 people have been jailed in Zhejiang for selling diseased pigs. Last year, police in the province confiscated about 11 tons of meat from sick pigs, according to the state-run China Daily.

Back downstream in Shanghai, a hyper-modern metropolis of 23 million, some people are confused and incredulous.

"We really hope an inspection body or government can come out to tell us how exactly these pigs died," said a woman named Wang, 27, who works in the media business here. "You can't just say the pigs died of cold weather. That's a pretty laughable statement."

Shanghai officials say one water sample from the river contained porcine circovirus, which cannot be passed on to humans. Government officials also insist the drinking water supply, which draws in part from the river, remains safe.

Wang is dubious.

"People in Shanghai think it's better not to eat pork, because they worry diseased pigs would end up on their dinner tables," says Wang. "People say the water we use to brush our teeth is pork broth."

Frank Langfitt is NPR's Shanghai correspondent.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block.

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

I'm Audie Cornish. And this next story is about a disturbing mystery: more than 6,000 dead pigs found floating in a river in Shanghai, China. The Huangpu River provides part of the city's water supply. The pigs were discovered more than a week ago, and yet authorities have yet to fully explain where the pigs came from or why they died. NPR's Frank Langfitt headed upriver to try to learn more.

FRANK LANGFITT, BYLINE: I'm in the Zhejiang province, just upstream from Shanghai, and I'm looking out over fields of lush green barley. And this is pig country. This area is home to 4.5 million pigs.

A young man named Ye says his village called Zhulin is loaded with pigs, but there have been no big die-offs.

YE: (Through translator) They say there are more pigs than humans in our village. It is indeed the case. Some families have more than a thousand pigs. But not many pigs died recently. No, not really.

LANGFITT: Ye denies that the pigs lining the riverbanks in the metropolis of Shanghai came from around here. Ye's father chimes in.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Through translator) Here, people would be fined if they threw pigs into rivers. There are government people collecting dead pigs.

LANGFITT: But a village official, Wang Xianjun, told a local newspaper 18,000 pigs had died in Zhulin this year. And one provincial official attributed pig deaths to cold weather. When NPR tried to contact Wang, village officials said he didn't exist, which isn't true. Hong Kong's South China Morning Post quoted Zhejiang villagers saying farmers dumped pigs in the river because there were too many for government disposal areas. In addition, villagers said some farmers may have dumped pigs because of a crackdown on selling infected pig parts for human consumption. China's state media reported this week that 46 people have been jailed in Zhejiang for selling diseased pigs.

Back downstream in Shanghai, some people are confused and incredulous. Wang, a 27-year-old who works in the media business, put it like this.

WANG: (Through translator) We really hope an inspection body or government can come out to tell us how exactly these pigs died. You can't just say the pigs died of cold weather. That's a pretty laughable statement.

LANGFITT: Shanghai officials insist the pigs have not contaminated the city's water supply, which draws in part from the river. Wang is dubious.

WANG: (Foreign language spoken)

LANGFITT: People in Shanghai think it's better not to eat pork, she says, because they worry diseased pigs would end up on their dinner tables. People say the water we use to brush our teeth is pork broth. Frank Langfitt, NPR News, Shanghai. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.