Presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton was in Springfield, Ill., Wednesday where she sought to use the symbolism of a historic landmark to draw parallels to a present-day America that is in need of repairing deepening racial and cultural divides.

The Old State Capitol — where Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous "A house divided" speech in 1858 warning against the ills of slavery and where Barack Obama launched his presidential bid in 2007 — served as the backdrop for Clinton as she spoke of how "America's long struggle with race is far from finished."

Episode 711: Hooked on Heroin

1 hour ago

When we meet the heroin dealer called Bone, he has just shot up. He has a lot to say anyway. He tells us about his career--it pretty much tracks the evolution of drug use in America these past ten years or so. He tells us about his rough past. And he tells us about how he died a week ago. He overdosed on his own supply and his friend took his body to the emergency room, then left.

New British Prime Minister Theresa May announced six members of her Cabinet Wednesday.

Amid a sweeping crackdown on dissent in Egypt, security forces have forcibly disappeared hundreds of people since the beginning of 2015, according to a new report from Amnesty International.

It's an "unprecedented spike," the group says, with an average of three or four people disappeared every day.

The Republican Party, as it prepares for its convention next week has checked off item No. 1 on its housekeeping list — drafting a party platform. The document reflects the conservative views of its authors, many of whom are party activists. So don't look for any concessions to changing views among the broader public on key social issues.

Many public figures who took to Twitter and Facebook following the murder of five police officers in Dallas have faced public blowback and, in some cases, found their employers less than forgiving about inflammatory and sometimes hateful online comments.

As Venezuela unravels — with shortages of food and medicine, as well as runaway inflation — President Nicolas Maduro is increasingly unpopular. But he's still holding onto power.

"The truth in Venezuela is there is real hunger. We are hungry," says a man who has invited me into his house in the northwestern city of Maracaibo, but doesn't want his name used for fear of reprisals by the government.

The wiry man paces angrily as he speaks. It wasn't always this way, he says, showing how loose his pants are now.

Ask a typical teenage girl about the latest slang and girl crushes and you might get answers like "spilling the tea" and Taylor Swift. But at the Girl Up Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C., the answers were "intersectional feminism" — the idea that there's no one-size-fits-all definition of feminism — and U.N. climate chief Christiana Figueres.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Arizona Hispanics Poised To Swing State Blue

4 hours ago
Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Pages

Researches Who Theorized 'God Particle' Get Physics Nobel

Oct 8, 2013
Originally published on October 8, 2013 7:24 pm

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED, from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel.

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

And I'm Melissa Block. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded this morning to two scientists from Europe. Both men independently proposed the existence of the so-called "god particle" as part of a mechanism to explain how the universe works. As NPR's Geoff Brumfiel reports, the award was expected but one winner is nowhere to be found.

GEOFFREY BRUMFIEL, BYLINE: This Nobel Prize has been a long time in coming. The work that won it was done way back in 1964 by three physicists: a British scientist named Peter Higgs, who works at Edinburgh University; and two researchers out of Belgium, named Francois Englert and Robert Brout. Brout passed away a few years ago, and both Higgs and Englert are in their 80s.

The Prize committee had no problem contacting Englert this morning.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Are you there with us, Professor Englert?

FRANCOIS ENGLERT: Yes, I am on the phone.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Good day and congratulation. How do you feel right now?

ENGLERT: Well, thank you very much. I feel very well, of course.

BRUMFIEL: But Peter Higgs was nowhere to be found.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Actually, we tried quite hard to get hold of him, but of all the numbers we tried, he did not answer.

BRUMFIEL: This was surprising because everybody thought that Higgs was going to win this year. Whether it's referred to as the Higgs mechanism, the Higgs field, the Higgs boson, the theory - literally - has his name all over it. In the time since Higgs and Englert first proposed it, it's become a fundamental part of physics. Today, physicists believe the Higgs mechanism is literally everywhere.

JOE INCANDELA: You could almost think of it as a liquid, a liquid you can't see.

BRUMFIEL: Joe Incandela is a researcher at Cern, the big particle physics lab in Switzerland. This liquid has a unique property. It can focus the energy of certain subatomic particles. According to Einstein, energy equals mass - E=MC squared - so the Higgs mechanism gives particles like electrons mass.

INCANDELA: This field, this mechanism that was described in the field, made it possible for the electron to have mass and atoms to exist - and for us to exist.

BRUMFIEL: But until last year, there was no proof it actually existed. It was just a set of equations. Then, last summer, physicists at Cern announced they'd finally detected a particle called the Higgs boson. It was the smoking gun. Incandela headed one of the teams that made the discovery, and they were all watching on giant screens at the laboratory when the Nobel announcement was made.

INCANDELA: Before they can even finish his last name, the place erupted into huge applause.

(SOUNDBITE OF CHEERS, APPLAUSE)

INCANDELA: Everyone, as far as I can tell, has smile on their face today. It's a great day for us.

BRUMFIEL: But in the midst of all this, where is Peter Higgs? His personal assistant, Alan Walker(ph), says he doesn't know.

ALAN WALKER: My assumption is, he is somewhere in Scotland.

BRUMFIEL: (Laughter) At an undisclosed location?

WALKER: Well, it's a location I don't know.

BRUMFIEL: Walker says Higgs doesn't like the limelight. He hasn't told anyone where he is. It's even possible he doesn't know he's won the prize.

WALKER: And I don't know whether he has a radio with him. He certainly doesn't use a mobile phone, unless he's got one without my knowledge. And he may well be somewhere which may or may not have a TV. So who knows?

BRUMFIEL: But if Higgs doesn't know he's won, he'll find out soon. The University of Edinburgh had already scheduled a press conference for Friday, just in case. Peter Higgs has promised to be there.

Geoff Brumfiel, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.