The Boston Citgo sign, all 3,600 square LED feet of which has served as the backdrop to Red Sox games since 1965, is now officially a "pending landmark."

Spanish Surrealist Salvador Dalí spent much of the 1940s in the U.S., avoiding World War II and its aftermath. He was a well-known fixture on the art scene in Monterey, Calif. — and that's where the largest collection of Dalí's work on the West Coast is now open to the public.

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The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

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This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.


Obama Tries To Move Spotlight Off Deficit Reduction

Feb 14, 2013
Originally published on February 15, 2013 3:05 am



Pre-school is one example of how President Obama says the government can play a constructive role in the U.S. economy. In his State of the Union speech, President Obama tried to refocus a debate that, for two years, has been all about cutting. The president is highlighting government programs that even many Republicans support.

Here's NPR's Scott Horsley.

SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: The U.S. economy is slowly recovering from the Great Recession, but President Obama says the government could be doing more to help.


PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: It is our unfinished task to make sure that this government works on behalf of the many, and not just the few, that it encourages free enterprise, rewards individual initiative, and opens the doors of opportunity to every child across this great nation.

HORSLEY: But, for the most part, that's not the conversation Washington's been having for the last two years. Instead, as the government has lurched from one self-imposed budget deadline to the next, policymakers in both parties have focused on almost nothing but cutting the deficit.

Obama acknowledged the government does need to get control of its red ink, but not, he said, to the exclusion of everything else.


OBAMA: But let's be clear. Deficit reduction alone is not an economic plan.

HORSLEY: Pollster Carroll Doherty of the Pew Research Center thinks the president is onto something.

CARROLL DOHERTY: He tried to keep the deficit in perspective, and I think that's sort of in tune with where the public is, because, you know, when we ask a different measure about what's your biggest economic worry, there you see, consistently, significantly more saying jobs than the deficit.

HORSLEY: Even though concern about the deficit has grown sharply in the last four years amid mounting debt and a steady drumbeat of dire warnings, polls show even more Americans want the government to fix the economy.

In his inaugural address last month, Obama stressed that'll take hard work and personal responsibility. But he also said there's long been a role in the U.S. for collective government action.


OBAMA: Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce, schools and colleges to train our workers. Together, we discovered that a free market only thrives when there are rules to ensure competition and fair play.

HORSLEY: In fact, many on the left would like to see a more activist government. Economist Dean Baker of the Center for Economic and Policy Research says rather than the current debate over automatic spending cuts, the government should be running up bigger deficits to help the millions of Americans who are still out of work.

DEAN BAKER: You have places like the United Kingdom, certainly many of the eurozone countries, that have gone the route of austerity. And you can point to those and go, look. This hasn't worked. They've had high unemployment. They've gone back into recession. That can't be a good thing for us to do.

HORSLEY: But Congressional Republicans continue to argue for deeper cuts in federal spending. In the Republican response to Obama's speech this week, Florida Senator Marco Rubio sounded a lot like Mitt Romney, arguing the best thing the government can do for the economy is get out of the way.


SENATOR MARCO RUBIO: This opportunity to make it to the middle class or beyond, no matter where you start out in life, it isn't bestowed on us from Washington. It comes from a vibrant, free economy where people can risk their own money to open a business.

HORSLEY: Rubio's ode to self-reliance was somewhat undercut when he acknowledged that federal student aid helped him go to college, and that his mother and his Florida neighbors depend on their Medicare and Social Security.

Obama is deliberately highlighting preschool programs in heavily Republican states like Georgia and Oklahoma, to make the case that these kinds of investments enjoy bipartisan support.

He's long argued that despite criticism from the right, smart government can do more than redistribute wealth. It can also help to make more of it.


OBAMA: Somebody who has a great idea and selling a great product or a service, we want them to get rich. That's great. But we also want to make sure that we, as a society, are investing in that young kid who comes from a poor family who has incredible talent and might be able to get rich, as well. And that means we've got to build good schools, and we've got to make sure that that child can go to college.

HORSLEY: However that argument plays around the country, it's yet to make much of a dent here in Washington, where policymakers are still preoccupied with the next round in the deficit-cutting derby. Scott Horsley, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.