The Boston Citgo sign, all 3,600 square LED feet of which has served as the backdrop to Red Sox games since 1965, is now officially a "pending landmark."

Spanish Surrealist Salvador Dalí spent much of the 1940s in the U.S., avoiding World War II and its aftermath. He was a well-known fixture on the art scene in Monterey, Calif. — and that's where the largest collection of Dalí's work on the West Coast is now open to the public.

Copyright 2016 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.

The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

The trip over the Mediterranean included a breathtaking flyover of the Pyramids. Check it out:

President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

"I've seen how inadequate words can be in bringing about lasting change," the president said Tuesday at a memorial service for five law officers killed last week in Dallas. "I've seen how inadequate my own words have been."

Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

At least that's one premise of the Allen Brain Observatory, which launched Wednesday and lets anyone with an Internet connection study a mouse brain as it responds to visual information.

The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

"Following one of the longest and most exhaustive investigations in our history," the FBI's Ayn Dietrich-Williams said in a statement, "the FBI redirected resources allocated to the D.B. Cooper case in order to focus on other investigative priorities."

This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.

Pages

Obama To Push State Of The Union Messages In Chicago

Feb 15, 2013
Originally published on February 15, 2013 8:39 am

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

The president will leave the sequester debate behind this afternoon when he travels to Chicago. He's expected to talk about the gun violence that plagues his home town.

Fifteen-year-old Hadiya Pendleton became a symbol of the problem after she was murdered last month in a park about a mile from the president's Chicago home. NPR's Cheryl Corley reports on what activists expect from President Obama.

CHERYL CORLEY, BYLINE: Shortly after Hadiya Pendleton's death, the University of Chicago's Black Youth Project started a petition drive on the White House website, urging President Obama to come home to talk about gun violence. Nearly 50,000 signed the petition. Dallas Donnell is one of the group's coordinators.

DALLAS DONNELL: We felt like there was a need for a national kind of response to this crisis, not just for Hadiya but for all black youth impacted by this crisis. And when we say that, we don't just meant the victim of violence but the kid pulling the trigger.

CORLEY: And Donnell said there's no better person than the president to draw attention to an epidemic.

DONNELL: He went to Newtown after that terrible tragedy. He went to Aurora after that horrible tragedy. And we felt like it was the right thing for him to come to Chicago, to his hometown, where young people are dying mere blocks from where he literally has a home and has lived for many years.

CORLEY: Later this afternoon, the president will talk to about 700 students, community leaders and parents at Hyde Park Academy on Chicago's South Side. He'll also meet privately with a group of young men in a mentoring program called BAM, or Becoming a Man. Those signing the petition asked the president to talk specifically about the root causes of gun violence in black and Latino communities. Black Youth Project founder Professor Cathy Cohen says that includes a lack of quality education, mental health services and employment opportunities in neighborhoods where gun violence is rampant.

CATHY COHEN: He has to come tell people that there are immediate things that we can do. We can really work to get illegal guns off the street. We can put in place mentoring programs. We can try to support counselors. But that if we really going to deal gun violence and transform the lives of young people and their communities, it means long-term investment.

CORLEY: There were 506 murders in Chicago last year - most of them gun-related. And January continued to be a bloody month - 42 murders in all, the most for a January in a decade. University of Chicago's crime lab director, Jen Ludwig, likes to quote the mayor of Kansas City, who calls the daily gun violence that occurs in cities slow-motion mass murder. Ludwig was encouraged, though, when the president announced the federal government would resume long-stalled gun violence research.

JENS LUDWIG: Making sure that there is some sort of space for gun violence research to be added to the federal government's research agenda, I think, would be hugely helpful.

CORLEY: Among other things, Ludwig says it will help politicians prioritize which gun regulations to fight for.

(SOUNDBITE OF CHILDREN PLAYING)

CORLEY: In Chicago's Auburn Gresham neighborhood on the city's South Side, a group of kindergartners - the girls in plaid skirts, the boys in blue pants - walk past the rectory at St. Sabina Church. In the window are signs that read: Turn in guns, no questions asked. Father Michael Pfleger is the priest here.

FATHER MICHAEL PFLEGER: Well, there had been a tremendous amount of shootings and killing going on. Last summer, at the end of the school year, I told my church we're going to go out every Friday night.

CORLEY: Pfleger says there have been no shootings since last September, after the church helped negotiate a truce among four gangs and set up a weekly basketball game. Pfleger is a social activist who lost a foster son to gun violence. He spoke at Hadiya Pendleton's funeral, and says whatever the president's plan, there needs to be a sense of urgency.

PFLEGER: Because we don't have time for children to keep dying.

CORLEY: Activists here hope the president's visit will help motivate people on this issue. But regardless, they pledge there will be a push to change the gun culture in neighborhoods where so many lives have been lost. Cheryl Corley, NPR News, Chicago. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.