The Boston Citgo sign, all 3,600 square LED feet of which has served as the backdrop to Red Sox games since 1965, is now officially a "pending landmark."

Spanish Surrealist Salvador Dalí spent much of the 1940s in the U.S., avoiding World War II and its aftermath. He was a well-known fixture on the art scene in Monterey, Calif. — and that's where the largest collection of Dalí's work on the West Coast is now open to the public.

Copyright 2016 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.

The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

The trip over the Mediterranean included a breathtaking flyover of the Pyramids. Check it out:

President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

"I've seen how inadequate words can be in bringing about lasting change," the president said Tuesday at a memorial service for five law officers killed last week in Dallas. "I've seen how inadequate my own words have been."

Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

At least that's one premise of the Allen Brain Observatory, which launched Wednesday and lets anyone with an Internet connection study a mouse brain as it responds to visual information.

The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

"Following one of the longest and most exhaustive investigations in our history," the FBI's Ayn Dietrich-Williams said in a statement, "the FBI redirected resources allocated to the D.B. Cooper case in order to focus on other investigative priorities."

This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.

Pages

NFL Commissioner's Role In Sport A Powerful One

Feb 2, 2013
Originally published on February 2, 2013 3:07 pm

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

And the Superbowl, as Howard mentioned, is going to cap another enormously successful NFL season in terms of TV ratings and profits. But the league also faces some fundamental questions about player safety. President Obama and dozens of players are questioning whether sons should be encouraged to play football. Against this backdrop, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell met the media yesterday for what's known as its annual State of the League press conference. NPR's Mike Pesca attended, and has this report.

MIKE PESCA, BYLINE: Roger Goodell is the captain of an industry that is enormously popular, financially robust, and culturally ascendant. The NFL's yearly revenues are approaching $10 billion, and the take home pay for its CEO is an annual $10 million, which will rise to $20 million in five years. But despite his overseeing what seemed an impregnable match of product and customer base, Goodell cannot be cocksure. There looms the specter of a massive lawsuit filed by nearly 4,000 plaintiffs who claim damages resulting from the blows the game inevitably delivers. The first question Goodell fielded asked his of opinion of President Obama's comment, quote, "If I had a son, I'd have to think long and hard before I let him play football." Goodell said he welcomed the president's comments and cited the benefits of the game.

(SOUNDBITE OF PRESS CONFERENCE)

ROGER GOODELL: Teaching you the values, teaching you character, teaching you how to get up when you're knocked down, how to work with others, teamwork; they are extraordinary lessons in life that I use to this day.

PESCA: Goodell went onto promise for increased discipline for dangerous play and he encouraged tackling techniques that rely more on the shoulders and arms.

GOODELL: The number one issue is: take the head out of the game.

PESCA: Goodell added that independent neurologists would be on the sidelines of NFL games next season. He was also pressed on his adjudication of the so called New Orleans Saints bounty scandal, where the league sanctioned several Saints players and coaches for doling out cash rewards for on-field hits. After appeals, Goodell's findings were upheld , but all suspensions lifted; an ambiguous resolution, except to Goodell, who emphasized:

(SOUNDBITE OF PRESS CONFERENCE)

GOODELL: There is no question that there was a bounty program in place for three years. And I don't believe that bounties are going to be part of football going forward.

PESCA: Earlier in the week, Saints quarterback Drew Brees was promoting a Visa financial literacy program in the same hall that hosted the commissioner's press conference. When asked what changes should be made in the NFL's system of punishment, namely a process led by Goodell, with punishments imposed by Goodell and appeals heard by Goodell, here's what Brees said:

DREW BREES: Anytime one person is judge, jury, execution, it really doesn't give you a feeling that you're getting a completely fair and transparent process. You know, that's been our argument with the bounty allegations this entire time; is that it was not a fair process, it was not due process, it was certainly not transparent. And the evidence that was claimed to be had, he did not have.

PESCA: Goodell was asked if he had any regrets concerning his role in the Saints bounty case. His answer:

(SOUNDBITE OF PRESS CONFERENCE)

GOODELL: We aren't all recognizing that this is a collective responsibility to make the game safer. That's what I regret, is that I wasn't able to make that point clearly enough with the union and with others.

PESCA: That answer isn't likely to placate Saints fans still simmering over the decision. To those fans, the commissioner is a villain. To other fans, he can be a savior. He assured a St. Louis reporter that he'd work to keep the Rams from leaving town. He told an English reporter who asked about a team based in the U.K. that the two NFL games in London have already sold out, marking Britain as, quote, "a market where we need to be more active." The words lawsuit did not come up, nor was the word brain said, indicating that while concussions are a topic impossible to ignore, perhaps a full reckoning of their consequences is not a subject upon which the commissioner wants to dwell. Mike Pesca, NPR News, New Orleans. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.