The Boston Citgo sign, all 3,600 square LED feet of which has served as the backdrop to Red Sox games since 1965, is now officially a "pending landmark."

Spanish Surrealist Salvador Dalí spent much of the 1940s in the U.S., avoiding World War II and its aftermath. He was a well-known fixture on the art scene in Monterey, Calif. — and that's where the largest collection of Dalí's work on the West Coast is now open to the public.

Copyright 2016 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.

The middle of summer is when the surprises in publishing turn up. I'm talking about those quietly commanding books that publishers tend to put out now, because fall and winter are focused on big books by established authors. Which brings us to The Dream Life of Astronauts, by Patrick Ryan, a very funny and touching collection of nine short stories that take place in the 1960s and '70s around Cape Canaveral, Fla.

When the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union last month, the seaside town of Port Talbot in Wales eagerly went along with the move. Brexit was approved by some 57 percent of the town's residents.

Now some of them are wondering if they made the wrong decision.

The June 23 Brexit vote has raised questions about the fate of the troubled Port Talbot Works, Britain's largest surviving steel plant — a huge, steam-belching facility that has long been the town's biggest employer.

Solar Impulse 2 has landed in Cairo, completing the penultimate leg of its attempt to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun.

The trip over the Mediterranean included a breathtaking flyover of the Pyramids. Check it out:

President Obama is challenging Americans to have an honest and open-hearted conversation about race and law enforcement. But even as he sits down at the White House with police and civil rights activists, Obama is mindful of the limits of that approach.

"I've seen how inadequate words can be in bringing about lasting change," the president said Tuesday at a memorial service for five law officers killed last week in Dallas. "I've seen how inadequate my own words have been."

Mice watching Orson Welles movies may help scientists explain human consciousness.

At least that's one premise of the Allen Brain Observatory, which launched Wednesday and lets anyone with an Internet connection study a mouse brain as it responds to visual information.

The FBI says it is giving up on the D.B. Cooper investigation, 45 years after the mysterious hijacker parachuted into the night with $200,000 in a briefcase, becoming an instant folk figure.

"Following one of the longest and most exhaustive investigations in our history," the FBI's Ayn Dietrich-Williams said in a statement, "the FBI redirected resources allocated to the D.B. Cooper case in order to focus on other investigative priorities."

This is the first in a series of essays concerning our collective future. The goal is to bring forth some of the main issues humanity faces today, as we move forward to uncertain times. In an effort to be as thorough as possible, we will consider two kinds of threats: those due to natural disasters and those that are man-made. The idea is to expose some of the dangers and possible mechanisms that have been proposed to deal with these issues. My intention is not to offer a detailed analysis for each threat — but to invite reflection and, hopefully, action.

Pages

Miles From Home, Syrians Vote In Free Elections

Mar 3, 2013
Originally published on March 3, 2013 11:24 am

In Syria's northern province of Aleppo, the war is far from over. Yet civilians are planning a dramatic gesture: an election for a civilian government.

This weekend, delegates from across the province are taking part in the first free vote outside of the control of President Bashar Assad's regime. Its location: Gaziantep, Turkey.

While most election stories begin with the issues, the candidates and what's at stake, this election is about a first-time vote for civilian leaders in a rebel-held province. How do you hold an election when your city is being bombed by the regime you are trying to replace?

The election moved to southern Turkey because of safety concerns. The voters are limited; only 224 selected delegates will cast ballots. Still, they have to make the dangerous drive, which takes about an hour, to the Turkish border.

Aleppo lawyer Yaseen al-Hillal said he took the risk to help build a new Syrian state.

"It was very dangerous. The roads are prone to being bombed at any point in time," he said. "Then, we entered through an illegal crossing. There was one shot fired, in fact, probably a warning. And we said, 'We are not afraid [of] you. We've already been dealing with scuds and bombing."

Al-Hillal jokes about his trip at a Turkish cafe with a dozen doctors and lawyers who work in Aleppo. Now, they are all candidates for seats on the city council and a wider provincial government.

The entire election organization moved to southern Turkey over a weekend. An army of activists arrived to set up a media center. A new FM radio station opened to cover the elections through transmitters that reach Aleppo.

In an unfurnished apartment, an election center is already bustling. The apartment's bare rooms look more like a college dorm with floor mattresses, plastic chairs and desks. Computers and cameras are everywhere.

The election spokesman, Khalid al-Umar, a pharmacist, works as part of a medical team in Aleppo. A few days earlier, he was digging bodies out of the rubble after a missile strike flattened more than 30 houses. Now, he's putting the best spin on an election that is chaotic, with limited electors, held outside of Syria.

"It's... kind of giving a new hope with all the destroying, with all [the] killing. We will get our freedom," he says. "We will organize [ourselves.] We will do our best. So, this is what it means for us."

What this election means for civilian rule in Aleppo is unclear in a city still at war — armed rebel groups have power, and the Assad regime has stepped up missile strikes on residential neighborhoods.

Still, the majority of people living in Aleppo are civilians, says Tamam al-Baroudi, a businessman, who just arrived in Gaziantep to observe the first free vote.

International aid is finally reaching Aleppo, he says, and its distribution must be organized by civilians. Al-Baroudi says an elected council can do a lot to clean up the city and help residents organize a fair distribution of food and medicine.

"It's [a] very big problem. They can help a lot," he says. "Everybody want[s] these kind of people to work, no problem."

But how these councils are elected matters to 26-year-old Maha Grer, a Syrian activist who took part in early demonstrations against the Assad regime, when young Syrians risked their lives to call for democracy.

She is skeptical when asked if she considers this to be the first democratic election in Aleppo: "I hope so. I don't know yet. We will see in the future."

Grer is part of a workshop on election monitoring. The course is sponsored by the National Democratic Institute in Washington, D.C. Erin Mathews, the program director, says Syrian activists reached out to NDI to help ensure a fair vote for Syria's largest city.

"This workshop is about domestic election monitoring, what it means to a democratic system," Mathews says. "It's about people looking for legitimacy and credibility in a process so that people trust these councils later on. "

Aleppo's first election is messy, says Mathews, but still important.

"It's as real as they can make it right now," she says. "If that starts with a few hundred people, that's what they have. And if it has to start outside of the country, that's the unfortunate reality for Syria right now."

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has given a rare interview to the Sunday Times of London. He blamed the West for supporting terrorism and said the nearly two-year-old war in Syria would not be solved by foreigners. He said it's up to Syrians to decide what's good for the country. And in the northern province of Aleppo, civilians are doing just that. They're taking part in the first free vote outside of the control of Assad's regime. NPR's Deborah Amos reports from Gaziantep in southern Turkey, where the voting is taking place.

DEBORAH AMOS, BYLINE: Most election stories begin with the issues, the candidates and what's at stake. But this election is about a first-time vote for civilian leaders in a rebel-held province in northern Syria, how to hold a vote when your city is being bombed by the regime you're trying to replace. Safety is a concern, so the elections moved here to southern Turkey. The voters are limited - only 224 selected delegates will cast ballots. Still, they have to make the dangerous drive to the Turkish border. Aleppo lawyer Yaseen al-Hillal said he took the risk to help build a new Syrian state.

YASEEN AL-HILLAL: (Through Translator) Yes, actually, it was very dangerous. The roads are prone to being bombed at any point in time. Then we entered through an illegal crossing. There was one shot fired, in fact, probably a warning. And we said, you know, we're not afraid from you. We've already been dealing with Scuds and bombing.

(SOUNDBITE OF CHATTER)

AMOS: Al-Hillal jokes about his trip at this Turkish cafe with a dozen doctors and lawyers who work in Aleppo. Now, they're all candidates for seats on the city council and a wider provincial government. The entire election organization moved to southern Turkey over a weekend. An army of activists arrived to set up a media center.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Foreign language spoken)

CROWD: (Foreign language spoken)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Singing in foreign language)

AMOS: For a city without electricity or Internet, a new FM radio station opened to cover the elections through transmitters that reach Aleppo.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: (Foreign language spoken)

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

AMOS: And in an unfurnished apartment, an election center is already bustling.

KHALID AL-UMAR: (Foreign language spoken)

AMOS: These bare rooms look more like a college dorm with floor mattresses, plastic chairs and desks. Computers and cameras are everywhere. The election spokesman is Khalid al-Umar. He's a pharmacist on a medical team in Aleppo. A few days earlier, he was digging bodies out of the rubble after a missile strike flattened more than 30 houses. Now, he's putting the best spin on an election that is chaotic, with limited electors, held outside of Syria.

AL-UMAR: It's a kind of giving a new hope with all the destroying, with all killing. We will get our freedom. We will organize ourself. We will do our best. So, this is what it means for us.

AMOS: What this election means for civilian rule in Aleppo is unclear in a city still at war, where armed rebel groups have power and the Assad regime has stepped up missile strikes on residential neighborhoods.

(SOUNDBITE OF CHATTER)

AMOS: Still, the majority of people living in Aleppo are civilians, says Tamam al-Baroudi, a businessman, who just arrived in this Turkish town to observe the first free vote. International aid is finally reaching Aleppo, he says. The distribution must be organized by civilians. An elected council can do a lot, he says.

TAMAM AL-BAROUDI: Like help people in foods, in medicine, to clean the cities. It's very big problem. They can help a lot more in these things. Everybody want these kind of people to work. No problem.

AMOS: But how these councils are elected matters to 26-year-old Maha Grer, a Syrian activist who took part in the early demonstrations when young Syrians risked their lives to call for democracy.

Do you consider this the first democratic election in Aleppo?

MAHA GRER: I don't know yet. I hope so. I don't know yet. We will see in the future.

AMOS: She is part of a workshop on election monitoring. The course is sponsored by the National Democratic Institute in Washington. Erin Mathews, the program director, says Syrian activists reached out to NDI to help ensure a fair vote in Syria's largest city.

ERIN MATHEWS: This workshop is about domestic election monitoring, what it means to a democratic system. It's about people looking for legitimacy and credibility in a process so that people trust these councils later on.

AMOS: Aleppo's first election is messy, says Mathews, but still important.

MATHEWS: It's as real as they can make it right now. If that starts with a few hundred people, that's what they have. And if it has to start outside of the country, that's the unfortunate reality for Syria right now.

AMOS: Deborah Amos, NPR News, Gaziantep, Turkey. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.