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The Republican National Convention is in 4 days in Cleveland.

The Democratic National Convention is in 11 days in Philadelphia.

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Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

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Mayor Castro, 1st Latino To Give DNC Keynote Speech

Sep 4, 2012
Originally published on September 4, 2012 12:38 pm

Julian Castro, the 37-year-old mayor of San Antonio, Texas, has been called the new face of the Democratic Party. And on Tuesday night, he'll become the first Latino to deliver the keynote speech at the party's national convention.

Over the weekend, parishioners at St. Paul Catholic Church in San Antonio sent off one of their own with a breakfast taco rally.

"It's a great step when you look at the progressions that happened with the parities that have gone from not recognizing the Hispanic community to having somebody in the very front, you know, being the keynote speaker," said parishioner Larry Ybarra. "That's like a thousand percent improvement over the last several years."

This is the neighborhood where Castro and his twin brother, Joaquin, grew up — going to Jefferson High School just down the street. Before becoming mayor, Julian Castro represented this working-class Mexican-American neighborhood on the city council. Joaquin Castro is a state representative in Austin and a Democratic nominee for Congress.

Their mother, Rosie, raised the boys as a single mom, pushing them to stay out of trouble and excel in school. It's a success story not unlike President Obama's. Local Tea Party activists say there's another comparison between Obama and the Castro brothers.

"I see a very clear similarity between the upbringing that Mr. Obama had in a nontraditional home and being mentored by radicals and the same thing with the Castros being brought up in a nontraditional home by their mother, who herself was a member of the Raza Unida Party, which was very, very radical," said activist George Rodriguez.

In the '70s, Raza Unida was a civil rights organization that campaigned for better working, housing and education opportunities for Mexican-Americans. Castro's mother was one of its leaders in South Texas. She broke barriers by organizing voter registration, getting out the vote and putting new Mexican-American candidates on the ballot.

Julian Castro shrugs off any suggestion that Raza Unida was a radical cell.

"If somebody calls trying to get people to vote radical, then that's quite a difference from the United States, because the democratic process is about the biggest blessing we have in this country," he said.

When the brothers arrived at Julian's sendoff at the church hall, the crowd went wild, slapping their backs and snapping smartphone photos.

The mayor told the crowd that when he speaks at the convention, he "won't be talking to any empty chairs up there."

He said he did watch parts of last week's GOP convention in Tampa, Fla., and he expects a more positive tone at the DNC in Charlotte, N.C.

He has been practicing using a teleprompter and tweaking the speech that he says will tell his version of the American dream and explain why he supports Obama's re-election.

"I would be lying if I said I wasn't a little bit nervous — it's something new," Castro said. "But by the time I get up there on Tuesday night, I'll be ready."

The feeling around the neighborhood is that history is taking place — that a local boy is heading for Charlotte and coming back a national political figure, who one day might be running for the White House himself.

Copyright 2013 Texas Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.tpr.org/.

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Tonight at the Democratic National Convention, Julian Castro will deliver the keynote speech, prompting many Americans to ask - who? The 37-year-old mayor of San Antonio, Texas is Castro. He is what many will call the new face of the Democratic Party. From San Antonio, Texas Public Radio's David Martin Davies has more.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Good morning, folks. We have four different kinds of tacos. We have...

DAVID MARTIN DAVIES, BYLINE: It's the weekend before the start of the Democratic National Convention, and in San Antonio, St. Paul Catholic Church parishioners like Larry Ybarra are sending off one of their own with a breakfast taco rally.

LARRY YBARRA: I think it's a great step when you look at - the progressions happen with the parties that have gone from not recognizing the Hispanic community to having somebody in the very front, you know, being the keynote speaker. That's like a thousand percent improvement over the last several years.

DAVIES: This is the neighborhood where Julian Castro and his twin brother Joaquin grew up - going to high school at Jefferson just down the street. Before becoming mayor, Julian first represented this working class Mexican-American neighborhood on the city council. Brother Joaquin is their state rep in Austin and Democratic nominee for Congress.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Hi, how are you?

DAVIES: But if you want to know Julian and Joaquin, you need to start with their mother, Rosie. As a single mom, she raised the two boys and pushed them to stay out of trouble and excel in school. At the rally, she's greeted at the door with kisses and chants from the crowd.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Rosie, Rosie, Rosie, Rosie.

DAVIES: Julian's story of success is similar to President Barack Obama's and local Tea Party activists like George Rodriguez say there's another comparison between the two.

GEORGE RODRIGUEZ: I see a very, very clear similarity between the upbringing that Mr. Obama had in a nontraditional home and being mentored by radicals, and same thing with the Castros being brought up in a nontraditional home by their mother, who herself was a member of the Raza Unida Party, which was very, very radical.

DAVIES: In the 1970s, Raza Unida was a civil rights organization that campaigned for better working, housing and education opportunities for Mexican-Americans. Rosie was one of its leaders in South Texas. She broke barriers by organizing voter registration, getting out the vote, and putting new Mexican-American candidates on the ballot. Julian shrugs off any suggestion that Raza Unida was a radical cell.

MAYOR JULIAN CASTRO: If somebody calls trying to get people to vote radical, then, you know, that's quite a difference from the United States because the democratic process is about the biggest blessing we have in this country.

(APPLAUSE)

DAVIES: When the twin brothers arrive at the hall, the crowd goes wild, slapping their backs and snapping smartphone pics. Julian tells the gathering what to expect Tuesday night.

CASTRO: I'm not going to be talking to any empty chairs up there.

(SOUNDBITE OF CHEERING)

DAVIES: Castro said he did watch parts of last week's GOP convention and he expects a more positive tone at the DNC. He's been practicing using the teleprompter and tweaking the script that he says will tell his version of the American Dream and explain why he supports the president's re-election.

CASTRO: I'd be lying if I said I wasn't a little bit nervous. It's something new. But by the time I get up there on Tuesday night, I'll be ready.

DAVIES: Back home, the feeling around the neighborhood is that history is taking place, that a local boy is heading for Charlotte and coming back a national political figure, who one day might be running for the White House himself.

For NPR News, I'm David Martin Davies in San Antonio. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.