The new British Prime Minister Theresa May announced six members of her cabinet today.

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It's an "unprecedented spike," the group says, with an average of three or four people disappeared every day.

The Republican Party, as it prepares for its convention next week has checked off item No. 1 on its housekeeping list — drafting a party platform. The document reflects the conservative views of its authors, many of whom are party activists. So don't look for any concessions to changing views among the broader public on key social issues.

Many public figures who took to Twitter and Facebook following the murder of five police officers in Dallas have faced public blowback and, in some cases, found their employers less than forgiving about inflammatory and sometimes hateful online comments.

As Venezuela unravels — with shortages of food and medicine, as well as runaway inflation — President Nicolas Maduro is increasingly unpopular. But he's still holding onto power.

"The truth in Venezuela is there is real hunger. We are hungry," says a man who has invited me into his house in the northwestern city of Maracaibo, but doesn't want his name used for fear of reprisals by the government.

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Ask a typical teenage girl about the latest slang and girl crushes and you might get answers like "spilling the tea" and Taylor Swift. But at the Girl Up Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C., the answers were "intersectional feminism" — the idea that there's no one-size-fits-all definition of feminism — and U.N. climate chief Christiana Figueres.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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Massive Solar Plant A Stepping Stone For Future Projects

Jul 29, 2013
Originally published on July 29, 2013 12:33 pm

The largest solar power plant of its kind is about to turn on in California's Mojave Desert.

The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System will power about 140,000 homes and will be a boon to the state's renewable energy goals, but it was no slam dunk. Now, California is trying to bring conservationists and energy companies together to create a smoother path for future projects.

To get the best view of the Ivanpah solar project, you have to go up to the top of a 400-foot concrete tower. Below, close to 200,000 mirrors shimmer across a dry, dusty valley.

"It's very exciting," says Dave Beaudoin, the construction manager for the $2 billion project located about an hour southwest of Las Vegas. Each mirror is about the size of a garage door, and it's mounted on a pole so it can be pointed at the tower.

"We can keep the sun's energy — the rays of the sun — targeted back to the solar tower," Beaudoin says.

All of those mirrors generate about a thousand degrees of heat. It isn't the solar technology most of us think of: dark panels on rooftops. These mirrors heat a giant boiler on top of the tower, where water turns into steam. Beaudoin says that steam powers a turbine that generates electricity.

"This is definitely cutting-edge. It's nothing I've ever done before," he says.

It's been a bumpy road, however, and it took years to get permits from almost a dozen state, federal and local agencies. The project became political fodder after getting a federal loan guarantee, like the bankrupt solar company Solyndra.

And then there's the desert tortoise.

In all, developers found nearly 200 tortoises onsite, many more than expected. Finding and relocating them has cost around $55,000 per tortoise. Critics like Ileene Anderson have watched closely.

"I'm not a big fan of the super large projects," Anderson says.

Anderson is with the Center for Biological Diversity, one of the groups concerned about the loss of desert habitat. She says after California set a goal of getting a third of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020, there was a rush to build big solar farms in the desert.

"Many of the projects, when they were first proposed and we would see the application, see where the map was, it was like: 'Oh no, this is going to be a nightmare project,'" she says.

But other environmental groups saw one reason to support big solar.

"If you care about desert tortoises, you better care about climate change," says Carl Zichella with the Natural Resources Defense Council. "Without some large-scale renewable energy projects, we do not hit our climate goals. We do not replace fossil fuels with clean energy in this country."

These differing views created an uncomfortable "green vs. green" debate, Zichella says. "I think it has been tough. It's been personally painful. We are very good at stopping things, [and] we aren't very good at building things," he says.

In the end, environmental groups negotiated with the Ivanpah project and others one by one to set aside nature preserves in the desert. Learning from this, the state is trying to head off future conflicts with a new plan. The idea is to divvy up the desert into renewable energy zones and zones that are off-limits.

Karen Douglas of the California Energy Commission says it's unusual to see all sides working together.

"There is never any perfect consensus," Douglas says. "But we've got an opportunity with this partnership to put in place what we really think of as the 'greenprint' that will help us conserve our desert resources."

Douglas says other western states like Arizona and Nevada are taking on similar efforts. The Ivanpah solar project will come fully online by the end of the year.

Copyright 2013 KQED Public Media. To see more, visit http://www.kqed.org.

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Linda Wertheimer.

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

And I'm David Greene. Good morning. The largest solar power plant of its kind is about to turn on in California's Mojave Desert. The Ivanpah solar project will power about 140,000 homes and will be a boon to the state's renewable energy goals. But this was no slam dunk. California is now trying to bring conservationists and energy companies together to create a smoother path for projects in the future. From member station KQED, Lauren Sommer has the story.

(SOUNDBITE OF CONSTRUCTION)

LAUREN SOMMER, BYLINE: To get the best view of the Ivanpah solar project, you have to go up to the top of a 400-foot concrete tower. Below, close to 200,000 mirrors shimmer across a dry, dusty valley.

DAVE BEAUDOIN: It's very exciting.

SOMMER: Dave Beaudoin is the construction manager for the $2 billion project, about an hour southwest of Las Vegas in California's Mojave Desert. Each mirror below is about the size of a garage door and it's mounted on a pole, so it can be pointed at the tower.

BEAUDOIN: We can keep the sun's energy - the rays of the sun, targeted back to the solar tower.

SOMMER: So if these were all pointed at us right now?

BEAUDOIN: It'd be very warm.

SOMMER: Warm? Try a thousand degrees. This isn't the solar technology most of us think of - those dark panels on rooftops. These mirrors heat a giant boiler on top of this tower, where water turns into steam. Beaudoin says that steam powers a turbine which makes electricity.

BEAUDOIN: This is definitely cutting-edge. It's nothing that I've ever done before.

SOMMER: But it's been a bumpy road. It took years to get permits from almost a dozen state, federal and local agencies. The project became political fodder after getting a federal loan guarantee like the bankrupt solar company Solyndra. And then there's the desert tortoise.

DOUG DAVIS: I didn't have gray hairs before this project.

SOMMER: That's Doug Davis, Ivanpah's environmental compliance manager. He's looking at large mesh enclosures - what he calls tortoise Head Start.

DAVIS: Head start facility is mainly for the small guys.

SOMMER: In all, developers found nearly 200 tortoises onsite, many more than expected. Finding and relocating them has cost around $55,000 per tortoise. Critics like Ileene Anderson have watched closely.

ILEENE ANDERSON: I'm not a big fan of the super large projects.

SOMMER: Anderson is with the Center for Biological Diversity, one of groups concerned about the loss of desert habitat. She says after California set a goal of getting a third of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020, there was a rush to build big solar farms in the desert.

ANDERSON: Many of the projects when they were first proposed and we would see the application, see where the map was, it was just like, oh no, this is going to be a nightmare project.

SOMMER: But other environmental groups saw one reason to support big solar.

CARL ZICHELLA: If you care about desert tortoises, you better care about climate change.

SOMMER: Carl Zichella is with the Natural Resources Defense Council.

ZICHELLA: Without some large scale renewable energy projects, we do not hit our climate goals. We do not replace fossil fuels with clean energy in this country.

SOMMER: These differing views created an uncomfortable debate, says Zichella - green versus green.

ZICHELLA: I think it has been tough. It's been personally painful. We are very good at stopping things. We aren't very good at building things.

SOMMER: In the end, environmental groups negotiated with the Ivanpah project and others one by one to set aside nature preserves in the desert. Learning from this, the state is trying to head off future conflicts with a new plan. The idea is to divvy up the desert into renewable energy zones and zones that are off-limits. Karen Douglas of the California Energy Commission says it's unusual to see all sides working together.

KAREN DOUGLAS: There is never any perfect consensus. But we've got an opportunity with this partnership to put in place, you know, what we really think of as the greenprint that will help us conserve our desert resources.

SOMMER: Douglas says other western states like Arizona and Nevada are taking on similar efforts. The Ivanpah solar project will come fully online by the end of the year. For NPR News, I'm Lauren Sommer. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.