NPR Politics presents the Lunchbox List: our favorite campaign news and stories curated from NPR and around the Web in digestible bites (100 words or less!). Look for it every weekday afternoon from now until the conventions.

Convention Countdown

The Republican National Convention is in 4 days in Cleveland.

The Democratic National Convention is in 11 days in Philadelphia.

NASA has released the first picture of Jupiter taken since the Juno spacecraft went into orbit around the planet on July 4.

The picture was taken on July 10. Juno was 2.7 million miles from Jupiter at the time. The color image shows some of the atmospheric features of the planet, including the giant red spot. You can also see three of Jupiter's moons in the picture: Io, Europa and Ganymede.

The Senate is set to approve a bill intended to change the way police and health care workers treat people struggling with opioid addictions.

My husband and I once took great pleasure in preparing meals from scratch. We made pizza dough and sauce. We baked bread. We churned ice cream.

Then we became parents.

Now there are some weeks when pre-chopped veggies and a rotisserie chicken are the only things between us and five nights of Chipotle.

Parents are busy. For some of us, figuring out how to get dinner on the table is a daily struggle. So I reached out to food experts, parents and nutritionists for help. Here is some of their (and my) best advice for making weeknight meals happen.

"O Canada," the national anthem of our neighbors up north, comes in two official versions — English and French. They share a melody, but differ in meaning.

Let the record show: neither version of those lyrics contains the phrase "all lives matter."

But at the 2016 All-Star Game, the song got an unexpected edit.

At Petco Park in San Diego, one member of the Canadian singing group The Tenors — by himself, according to the other members of the group — revised the anthem.

School's out, and a lot of parents are getting through the long summer days with extra helpings of digital devices.

How should we feel about that?

Police in Baton Rouge say they have arrested three people who stole guns with the goal of killing police officers. They are still looking for a fourth suspect in the alleged plot, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

"Police say the thefts were at a Baton Rouge pawn shop early Saturday morning," Greg says. "One person was arrested at the scene. Since then, two others have been arrested and six of the eight stolen handguns have been recovered. Police are still looking for one other man."

A 13-year-old boy is among those arrested, Greg says.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

After an international tribunal invalidated Beijing's claims to the South China Sea, Chinese authorities have declared in no uncertain terms that they will be ignoring the ruling.

The Philippines brought the case to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, objecting to China's claims to maritime rights in the disputed waters. The tribunal agreed that China had no legal authority to claim the waters and was infringing on the sovereign rights of the Philippines.

Donald Trump is firing back at Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg after she disparaged him in several media interviews. He tweeted late Tuesday that she "has embarrassed all" with her "very dumb political statements" about the candidate. Trump ended his tweet with "Her mind is shot - resign!":

Pages

Man-Made Cave Built To Shelter Bats From Infection

Sep 20, 2012
Originally published on September 20, 2012 6:05 pm

A man-made bat cave in Tennessee is looking for tenants. An hour northwest of Nashville, the artificial cave is built to give thousands of bats a haven from a devastating infection called white-nose syndrome.

Millions of bats in the Northeast have died from the infection since it first showed up a few years ago. The culprit is an invasive fungus that grows in caves. When bats hibernate inside, they wake up with faces covered in white fuzz and often wind up starving or freezing to death.

"It's kind of terrifying," says Ann Froschauer, communications leader on white-nose syndrome for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Massachusetts.

Since it was first found in New England six years ago, white-nose has spread, from Canada to Alabama. Froschauer witnessed firsthand one of the worst die-offs. She says the cave floor was littered with tiny bones like pine needles.

"I knew that that's not what it was, but it was just really impossible for me to understand there's ... an inch-and-a-half- to 2-inch-thick carpet of just bones on the floor here, and skulls," she says, "and if you crouch down and look, you can see there's little clumps of fur and decaying tissue."

Finding A Solution, Quickly

Scientists fear regional extinction for some species in a matter of years, leaving precious little time for a solution. Some are working on treating the infection and developing a vaccine. Biologist Cory Holliday says those approaches are valid, but hard to do on a meaningful scale.

"None of it is environmental changes to treat thousands of bats, or to help save thousands of bats," he says.

That's why Holliday's employer, The Nature Conservancy, fronted a big part of the $300,000 to hire a construction crew and fire up some earthmovers.

The concrete box buried in a hillside is almost as long as a basketball court, but only half as wide. It's high-tech inside, with surveillance cameras that detect heat without getting warm or making any noise — even ultrasonic sound could be a deal-breaker to bats moving in. To power the gear, workers screw in electric panels.

The idea is to offer bats a safe winter home, where every summer humans could go inside and clean out any lurking fungus, keeping white-nose syndrome in check.

Open House

Holliday hopes a few hundred bats will make it their home this winter, with more to follow.

"If we get the conditions right, there could be over 200,000 bats here, is what we've estimated," he says.

The clock is ticking. Holliday is hoping to lure bats over from a nearby natural cave, where early stages of white-nose were just found.

"We will be broadcasting sort of ultrasonic bat calls from around the entrance area, just hoping to draw them in," he says.

The disease often takes just a few winters to hit a kind of critical mass and ravage a sleeping population. Holliday hopes before it comes to that, the new cave can prove a viable model. He'd rather count bats in the air, than on the ground.

Copyright 2014 Nashville Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.wpln.org/.

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

You're listening to ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News.

A new living space in Tennessee is seeking new tenants, tenants that are quiet during the day and like bugs. Oh, yeah, this living space is a cave, a man-made cave an hour northwest of Nashville.

From member station WPLN, Daniel Potter says it was built to give bats a safe haven from a devastating infection called white-nose syndrome.

DANIEL POTTER, BYLINE: Millions of bats in the northeast have died from white-nose syndrome since it first showed up a few years ago. The culprit is an invasive fungus that grows in caves. When bats hibernate inside, they wake up with faces covered in white fuzz and often wind up starving or freezing to death.

ANN FROSCHAUER: It's kind of terrifying.

POTTER: Ann Froschauer works for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Massachusetts. Since it was first found in New England six years ago, white-nose has spread from Canada to Alabama. Froschauer witnessed firsthand one of the worst die-offs. She says the cave floor was littered with tiny bones like pine needles.

FROSCHAUER: I knew that that's not what it was, but it was just really impossible for me to sort of understand there's, you know, an inch-and-a-half to two-inch thick carpet of just bones on the floor here and skulls, and if you crouch down and look, you can see there's little clumps of fur and decaying tissue.

POTTER: Scientists fear regional extinction for some species in a matter of years, leaving precious little time for a solution. Some are working on treating the infection and developing a vaccine. Biologist Cory Holliday says those approaches are valid but hard to do on a meaningful scale.

CORY HOLLIDAY: None of it is environmental changes to treat thousands of bats or to help save thousands of bats.

POTTER: That's why Holliday's employer, The Nature Conservancy, fronted a big part of the $300,000 to hire a construction crew and fire up some earthmovers.

(SOUNDBITE OF MACHINERY)

POTTER: It's a project unlike most any other Elko Husinovic's worked on.

ELKO HUSINOVIC: I was wondering what it is, what this place is for, but my boss, he's told me it's for bats, whatever. I was like cool.

POTTER: The concrete box buried in hillside is almost as long as a basketball court but only half as wide. It's high-tech inside, with surveillance cameras that detect heat without getting warm or making any noise. That's because even ultrasonic sound could be a deal-breaker to bats moving in. To power the gear, workers screw in electric panels.

(SOUNDBITE OF MACHINERY)

POTTER: The idea is to offer bats a safe winter home where, every summer, humans could go inside and clean out any lurking fungus, keeping white-nose syndrome in check. Cory Holliday hopes a few hundred bats will make it their home this winter, with more to follow.

HOLLIDAY: If we get the conditions right, there could be, you know, over 200,000 bats here is what we've estimated.

POTTER: The clock is ticking. Holliday is hoping to lure bats over from a nearby natural cave, where early stages of white-nose were just found.

HOLLIDAY: And we will be broadcasting sort of ultrasonic bat calls from around the entrance area, just hoping to draw them in.

POTTER: The disease often takes just a few winters to hit a kind of critical mass and ravage a sleeping population. Holliday hopes before it comes to that, the new cave can prove a viable model. He'd rather count bats in the air than on the ground. For NPR News, I'm Daniel Potter in Nashville. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.