Amid a sweeping crackdown on dissent in Egypt, security forces have forcibly disappeared hundreds of people since the beginning of 2015, according to a new report from Amnesty International.

It's an "unprecedented spike," the group says, with an average of three or four people disappeared every day.

The Republican Party, as it prepares for its convention next week has checked off item No. 1 on its housekeeping list — drafting a party platform. The document reflects the conservative views of its authors, many of whom are party activists. So don't look for any concessions to changing views among the broader public on key social issues.

Many public figures who took to Twitter and Facebook following the murder of five police officers in Dallas have faced public blowback and, in some cases, found their employers less than forgiving about inflammatory and sometimes hateful online comments.

As Venezuela unravels — with shortages of food and medicine, as well as runaway inflation — President Nicolas Maduro is increasingly unpopular. But he's still holding onto power.

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The wiry man paces angrily as he speaks. It wasn't always this way, he says, showing how loose his pants are now.

Ask a typical teenage girl about the latest slang and girl crushes and you might get answers like "spilling the tea" and Taylor Swift. But at the Girl Up Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C., the answers were "intersectional feminism" — the idea that there's no one-size-fits-all definition of feminism — and U.N. climate chief Christiana Figueres.

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Arizona Hispanics Poised To Swing State Blue

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Editor's note: This report contains accounts of rape, violence and other disturbing events.

Sex trafficking wasn't a major concern in the early 1980s, when Beth Jacobs was a teenager. If you were a prostitute, the thinking went, it was your choice.

Jacobs thought that too, right up until she came to, on the lot of a dark truck stop one night. She says she had asked a friendly-seeming man for a ride home that afternoon.

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Gnomes Crash Distinguished Garden Show In England

May 25, 2013
Originally published on May 25, 2013 1:19 pm

Gnomes marched their way into one of England's most prestigious gardening events this year. The 100th annual Chelsea Flower Show, which ends Saturday, opened its gates to the flower-friendly creatures for the first time.

Gnomes decorated by celebrities made their debut at the show and are now up for auction on eBay to raise money for a campaign that encourages school gardening. The highest bid for the seedling gnome decorated by Elton John tops 2,000 pounds. The figurines are available until Sunday at midnight.

"Alternately loved and loathed, the gnome epitomises the social divisiveness of garden design," garden historian Dr. Twigs Way wrote for the BBC.

That divisiveness has been playing out among the show participants, The New York Times reports:

"Some exhibitors went proud and loud, putting gnomes in places they would not be missed, like in the middle of the grass. Others seemed to feel that gnomes may be fine for other people, but certainly not any people they know, or want to know. One renowned landscape architect, Robert Myers, hid a gnome in a tree in his display, lost his nerve and took it out again before the judges could see it."

Way, author of Garden Gnomes: A History, tells NPR's Scott Simon that gnomes were brought to England from Germany, where it was believed that the "mythical folk" helped in the garden and on the farm. When they first arrived in England during the Victorian period, gnomes were all the rage — and expensive.

"But the link with Germany, I'm afraid, was their undoing," she says, "because, of course, as soon as the first world war broke out, not only could you not get German gnomes anymore, but of course people didn't really want German gnomes anymore."

Then, in the 1940s and '50s, garden gnomes were back in style. Way says the animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs helped give them a boost.

Whether to include gnomes in the Chelsea Flower Show has been under debate for some time, she says.

"When the [Royal Horticultural Society] started having the show [in 1913], they put a blanket ban not just on gnomes, but on any colorful, mythical creature," Way says.

"For about the last decade or so, there's always been somebody that tries to sneak in a garden gnome because what they want to do, really, is say, 'Who is this garden show for? Is it for the suburban gardeners who may love their gnomes? Or is it just an exclusive show at the high end?' "

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit



Now, to England where another hallowed tradition is under siege. This year, they are allowing garden gnomes at the annual Chelsea Flower Show. The little figures are being sold to raise money for a charity that encourages young people to garden.

The gnomes are causing some to have their knickers in a twist. We're joined now by Dr. Twigs Way who's author of "Garden Gnomes: A History." Dr. Way joins us from our studios in London. Thanks so much for being with us.

DR. TWIGS WAY: Hi, really nice to be here.

SIMON: So why do these gnomes raise such a stir?

WAY: They're probably about the most contentious garden ornament that has ever appeared at Chelsea and the most contentious garden ornament really ever. If you put a garden gnome in your garden in England, the neighbors kind of get, oh no, you know, the neighborhood's going right downhill.

SIMON: Dr. Way, I don't understand what garden gnomes are all about. Are they merely decorative? Did they begin as kind of like scarecrows?

WAY: Historically they go back to the Victorian period. They were brought in from Germany, but they were seen by English people who were visiting places like the Black Forest and they saw these figures in gardens in Germany and they decided to bring them back to England. And originally they were very highly sought after, they were expensive, but the link with Germany, I'm afraid, was their undoing because, of course, as soon as the First World War broke out, not only could you not get German gnomes anymore, but of course people really didn't want German gnomes anymore.

Coming into the sort of '40s and '50s, fashion is reborn for these kind of garden, little garden creatures particularly on the back of the animation "Snow White and the Seven Dwarves."

SIMON: OK, I get that the British inherited garden gnomes from the German tradition. Why did the Germans have garden gnomes?

WAY: They believed that little folk, the mythical folk, helped out in the garden and around the farm and in the mines. It was a mining area of Germany.

SIMON: So what's the resistance with putting them into the show?

WAY: When the RHS started having the show, they put a blanket ban, not just on gnomes, but on any colorful mythical creature. And it became a point of discussion, and so for about the last decade or so there's always been somebody that tries to sneak in a garden gnome because all they want to do really is say who is this garden show for? Is it for the suburban gardeners who may love their gnomes, or is it just an exclusive show at the high end.

SIMON: Dr. Way, I'm going to assume you have a garden.

WAY: I do, but I've only been in my present garden for the last nine weeks because we just moved house.

JULIE MCCARTHY, BYLINE: Well, any gnomes?

Not yet. I have yet to find the right gnome for me.

SIMON: Garden historian Dr. Twigs Way.


SIMON: You're listening to NPR News.

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