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As Venezuela unravels — with shortages of food and medicine, as well as runaway inflation — President Nicolas Maduro is increasingly unpopular. But he's still holding onto power.

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Ask a typical teenage girl about the latest slang and girl crushes and you might get answers like "spilling the tea" and Taylor Swift. But at the Girl Up Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C., the answers were "intersectional feminism" — the idea that there's no one-size-fits-all definition of feminism — and U.N. climate chief Christiana Figueres.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit


Forget Cronuts: London's 'Townies' Take On Hybrid-Dessert Craze

Aug 21, 2013
Originally published on August 21, 2013 1:45 pm

What's a baker to do when all foodies can talk about, on both sides of the Atlantic, is the cronut craze, a croissant-doughnut that NPR reported on earlier this year? Simple: Come up with an equally addictive hybrid dessert.

Inspired by the increasing appetite for "mashup" desserts — fusing two calorie- and fat-filled items into one — Britain's Evening Standard newspaper tasked food writer and blogger Victoria Stewart with commissioning a winning dessert combination to rival the cronut.

"We were keen to get something new, as we always try to move the story on a bit," says Stewart.

American baker Bea Vo was tapped because of her background in hybrid desserts. Vo opened the first of her three London bakeries, Bea's of Bloomsbury, in 2008, and she was already beloved by customers for her "duffin," a cake doughnut filled with jam, which she created a few years ago. With a loyal following for her inventive desserts, Vo was given a list of experimental fusion foods to whip up for the Standard.

"One of them was the muffle, a muffin and waffle. We did make one, but the fruit caramelized too quickly," Vo tells The Salt. "The trick to fusion desserts is to bring out the best of both." That's why Vo's invention — the "townie" — has been a huge success. The brownie-tartlet has a gooey center and a crisp outer shell.

"I immediately saw it and thought, 'Why hasn't anyone done that before?' " Vo tells The Salt. She says the fact that brownie dough isn't very wet prevents the shell from getting soggy and also allows for underbaking the brownie to give the center that highly sought-after gooeyness.

But while Vo knew it would work, she didn't expect to sell more than a few dozen. Instead, she sold 800 townies in 10 days and garnered attention from U.S. TV networks. "This is one of those unusual things that really had its own life," she says.

These days, food fads are accelerated by social media, which can be good and bad. "Things blow up bigger and then die faster," says Marian Berelowitz, who writes about food trends for analyst firm JWT Intelligence. "Instagramming or tweeting a picture of your cronut [or any other fad] gives you social currency and becomes a huge part of the appeal."

Berelowitz says the incessant stream of images surrounding a particular food or product can create FOMO — fear of missing out — among friends and followers. The very act of posting on social media can make the time spent queuing fly by. "Standing in line is far less tedious," she says, "when you can share the experience with your Facebook friends."

But, the deceleration can happen just as fast, Berelowitz warns. "Word gets around at lightning speed, the buzz is so much more amplified, and then attention moves on."

So how do fads like the cronut and the townie impact the small-business owners behind them? Berelowitz says the publicity can provide a long-term boost, as long as the product line isn't a one-trick pony: "It's rarely a sustainable proposition when a business revolves solely around one fad product."

New Yorkers will remember Beard Papa, the Japanese cream puff purveyor that gained a fan following starting in 2004. The fad lasted a few years, and the chain opened branches throughout the city. Now, there is only one shop in Manhattan.

But for baker Bea Vo, the townie has helped her existing product line. It has revived interest in her duffin and inspired her to produce a cookbook exclusively of hybrid dessert recipes.

"The cronut is hard to make without a commercial kitchen," she notes. "I want to write recipes people can make at home."

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