Presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton was in Springfield, Ill., Wednesday where she sought to use the symbolism of a historic landmark to draw parallels to a present-day America that is in need of repairing deepening racial and cultural divides.

The Old State Capitol — where Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous "A house divided" speech in 1858 warning against the ills of slavery and where Barack Obama launched his presidential bid in 2007 — served as the backdrop for Clinton as she spoke of how "America's long struggle with race is far from finished."

Episode 711: Hooked on Heroin

1 hour ago

When we meet the heroin dealer called Bone, he has just shot up. He has a lot to say anyway. He tells us about his career--it pretty much tracks the evolution of drug use in America these past ten years or so. He tells us about his rough past. And he tells us about how he died a week ago. He overdosed on his own supply and his friend took his body to the emergency room, then left.

New British Prime Minister Theresa May announced six members of her Cabinet Wednesday.

Amid a sweeping crackdown on dissent in Egypt, security forces have forcibly disappeared hundreds of people since the beginning of 2015, according to a new report from Amnesty International.

It's an "unprecedented spike," the group says, with an average of three or four people disappeared every day.

The Republican Party, as it prepares for its convention next week has checked off item No. 1 on its housekeeping list — drafting a party platform. The document reflects the conservative views of its authors, many of whom are party activists. So don't look for any concessions to changing views among the broader public on key social issues.

Many public figures who took to Twitter and Facebook following the murder of five police officers in Dallas have faced public blowback and, in some cases, found their employers less than forgiving about inflammatory and sometimes hateful online comments.

As Venezuela unravels — with shortages of food and medicine, as well as runaway inflation — President Nicolas Maduro is increasingly unpopular. But he's still holding onto power.

"The truth in Venezuela is there is real hunger. We are hungry," says a man who has invited me into his house in the northwestern city of Maracaibo, but doesn't want his name used for fear of reprisals by the government.

The wiry man paces angrily as he speaks. It wasn't always this way, he says, showing how loose his pants are now.

Ask a typical teenage girl about the latest slang and girl crushes and you might get answers like "spilling the tea" and Taylor Swift. But at the Girl Up Leadership Summit in Washington, D.C., the answers were "intersectional feminism" — the idea that there's no one-size-fits-all definition of feminism — and U.N. climate chief Christiana Figueres.

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Arizona Hispanics Poised To Swing State Blue

4 hours ago
Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Pages

The Sad Death Of An Adjunct Professor Sparks A Labor Debate

Sep 22, 2013
Originally published on September 27, 2013 6:19 pm

The death of a long-time, part-time professor in Pittsburgh is gathering the attention of instructors nationwide. The trend of relying on part-time faculty has been in the works for decades, and Margaret Mary Vojtko's story is seen by some as a tragic byproduct.

Last spring, months before her death, Vojtko showed up at a meeting between adjunct professors at Duquesne University and the union officials who had been trying to organize them. The professors are trying to organize a union affiliated with the United Steelworkers.

Daniel Kovalik, senior counsel to the Steelworkers union, says Vojtko was distraught. "She had cancer; she had very high medical bills," Kovalik says.

After 25 years of teaching French at Duquesne, the university had not renewed her contract. As a part-time professor, she had been earning about $10,000 a year, and had no health insurance.

"She didn't want charity," Kovalik says. "She thought that after working 25 years for Duquesne that she was owed a living wage and some sort of retirement and benefits."

Vojtko died Sept. 1 after a heart attack at the age of 83, destitute and nearly homeless.

After her funeral, Kovalik submitted a biting op-ed piece to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, critical of how Duquesne had treated Vojtko. Almost immediately, a bigger debate unfolded on Facebook, Twitter and listervs.

In large part, the story struck a nerve because compensation and treatment of adjunct professors has been a simmering issue since the early 1970s, when campuses began to see a shift from full-time to part-time faculty.

Today, these itinerant teachers make up a whopping 75 percent of college instructors, with their average pay between $20,000 and $25,000 annually.

The shift toward adjunct teachers has helped institutions save lots of money. But Duquesne Provost Tim Austin says it's unfair to cast his school as "heartless and greedy."

"First of all, I don't accept that the arrangements that we make with part-timers are dictated by cost savings," Austin says.

Second, says Austin, Duquesne pays adjunct professors more than most institutions.

"The least that an adjunct professor could be paid is $3,500 for a course, $7,000 for a given semester," he says. "Whether those are appropriate in a yet larger context is ... a matter that the academic world has not yet found a decisive answer."

The answer is staring university leaders in the face, says Maria Maisto, head of New Faculty Majority, which advocates for adjunct professors: Pay college presidents and coaches less, and part-time professors more.

"If education is really at the heart of what we do, then there's absolutely no excuse for not putting the bulk of the resources into what happens in the classroom," Maisto says.

But that's not what institutions are doing, she says.

"In fact, here in Ohio, I have colleagues who have recently had to sell their plasma in order to buy groceries," she says.

Maisto says that's why so many adjunct professors identified with Vojtko's story. Still, the university's provost says the Vojtko case has been shamelessly exploited. Duquesne did reach out to help Vojtko, Austin says, and at one point even offered her temporary housing.

Kovalik says he hopes Duquesne will be "shamed" into allowing adjunct professors to unionize.

"If Margaret Mary can help in that way, she would be very proud," Kovalik says.

Duquesne officials say there are no immediate plans to allow adjunct professors to unionize, despite professors' vote to do so.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Few of us might've heard of Margaret Mary Vojtko had the story of her death not gone viral this past week. The 83-year-old adjunct professor at Duquesne University died destitute, nearly homeless. Her story struck a nerve with the tens of thousands of part-time faculty around the country.

NPR's Claudio Sanchez has the story.

CLAUDIO SANCHEZ, BYLINE: Last spring, months before her death, Margaret Mary Vojtko showed up at a meeting between adjunct professors at Duquesne University and union officials who've been trying to organize them.

Daniel Kovalik, legal counsel to the U.S. Steelworkers Union in Pittsburgh, says Vojtko was distraught.

DANIEL KOVALIK: She had cancer. She had very high medical bills.

SANCHEZ: And after 25 years of teaching French at Duquesne, the university had not renewed Vojtko's contract, As a part-time professor, she had been earning about $10,000 a year and had no health insurance.

KOVALIK: She didn't want charity. You know, she'd thought that after working 25 years for Duquesne that she was owed a living wage and some sort of retirement and benefits.

SANCHEZ: After her funeral, Kovalik submitted a biting op-ed piece to the local newspaper, critical of how Duchesne had treated Vojtko. Almost immediately, a much bigger debate unfolded on Facebook, Twitter and listservs. In large part, because the compensation and treatment of adjunct professors has been a simmering issue since the early 1970s when campuses began to see a shift from full-time to part-time faculty.

Today, these itinerant teachers make up a whopping 75 percent of college instructors; average pay, between 20 to $25,000 a year. This shift has helped institutions save lots of money. But Duquesne University provost Tim Austin says it's unfair to cast his school as heartless and greedy.

TIM AUSTIN: First of all, I don't accept that the arrangements we make with part-timers are dictated by cost savings.

SANCHEZ: Second of all, says Austin, Duquesne University pays adjunct professors more than most institutions.

AUSTIN: The least that an adjunct professor could be paid is $3,500 for a course, $7,000 for a given semester. Whether those are appropriate in a yet larger context is, as I say, a matter that the academic world has not yet found a decisive answer.

SANCHEZ: The answer is staring university leaders in the face, says Maria Maisto, head of the New Faculty Majority, which advocates for adjunct professors. Pay college presidents and coaches less and part-time professors more.

MARIA MAISTO: If education is really at the heart of what we do, then there's absolutely no excuse for not putting the bulk of the resources into what happens in the classroom.

SANCHEZ: But that's not what institutions are doing, says Maisto.

MAISTO: In fact, here in Ohio, I have colleagues who have recently had to sell their plasma in order to buy groceries.

SANCHEZ: Maisto says that's why so many adjunct professors identified with Vojtko's story. Still, Tim Austin of Duquesne University says the Vojtko case has been shamelessly exploited. Duquesne did reach out to help Vojtko, says Austin, and at one point even offered her temporary housing. The U.S. Steelworkers' Daniel Kovalik though, says he's still hoping that Duquesne will be shamed into allowing adjunct professors to unionize.

KOVALIK: And if Margaret Mary can help in that way, she would be very proud.

SANCHEZ: Duquesne University officials say there are no immediate plans to allow adjunct professors to unionize.

Claudio Sanchez, NPR News.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

MARTIN: You're listening to NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.